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Health Services

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“Mental illness means an impairment of the mental or emotional processes that exercise Most mental illness are a direct cause of chemical imbalances in, or injuries to, the brain, whereas a physical illness such as diabetes the insulin levels and blood sugar can be measured. Because “mental illness” is often measured in relation to a standard considered normal and because definitions of normality can vary, defining it clearly is rather difficult. As the actual physical diagnostics improve, the definition will approve according.

At this time, there is no cure for mental illness, but it is treatable. Treatment methods usually include a combination of: psychotherapy, cognitive-behavior therapy, medication and electroconvulsive therapy for severe mental illness.

“The mass deinstitutionalization from mental health facilities occurred over forty years ago, yet the promise of community-based programs and outpatient services has not been kept especially towards the homeless and others living in poverty” (Mental Illness, Chronic Homelessness: An American Disgrace, 2000). Because of the seriousness of this situation, many organizations have learned to focus on providing a variety of outreach programs, vocational and psychosocial rehabilitation programs, psycho educational efforts and diversified housing programs in response to the new realities of deinstitutionalization.

The need to integrate mental health care with other systems of care plays an important role to the mentally ill. This was highlighted in a final report of the President’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. According to the report, “A fundamental premise of this report is that mental and medical conditions are highly interconnected. Therefore, improving care for individuals with mental disorders requires close attention to the interface of mental health and general medical care”.

Most mental and physical illnesses are recognized to be influenced by a combination of biological,...