Health Promotion - Teenage Alcohol

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This assignment will discuss how the psychological and sociological concepts and theories can inform health promotion and how they are applied in nursing practice. Taylor and field, (2007 page 3) suggest that sociology is the ‘study of companionship or social relations’, while Walker et al, (2007) states that psychology is the study of human behaviour, thought process and emotion. As a health care provider, when we relate psychology in an up to date manner it provides us, to our understanding of ourselves and our networks with other people. When making an allowance for health promotion it would be valuable to contemplate sociology alongside psychology, as it states in Walker et al people we care for come from a variety of social backgrounds which influence their well-being. Health can be viewed in different angles, biological – as the absence of disease, behavioural – the product of making healthy lifestyle choices and socio-environmental – a product of social, economic and environmental factors that offer encouragement and obstacles to the health of individuals and communities (Wills J. , 2007). As the World Health Organisation cited in Simnett, L. et al 2003, states that, ‘Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.’ The WHO's 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (cited in Naidoo, J et al, 2009), broadened that health is not just a state, but also a supply for normal life, not the objective of living. Health is a optimistic concept highlighting social and personal properties, as well as physical abilities. Therefore these statements of health can be viewed differently in the different views of health and therefore health promotion as a holistic view is preventing disease, education, communication of health messages, giving information and facilitating self-help, and tackling issues to make healthier choices easier (Wills J. , 2007). It is the role of the nurse and other healthcare professionals in the multi-disciplinary team to promote health and help people on an individual level to improve their health. (Walker 2007). There are many models and theories that support the practice of health promotion within nursing practice. The use of these models should enable people to increase their control over things that determine and thereby improve their health. (Wills J. , 2007) The focus on this discussion will be the public health model; Beattie’s model ( 1991), this will be applied to early interventions and the prevention of alcohol misuse among adolescents. Alcohol is the most commonly used and move actively available, psychoactive substance among adolescents aged 12-16years. UK figures among 15 and 16 year olds are among the highest in Europe and the percentage of 11-15year olds who drink at least once a week has risen from 17 to 20 per cent. By the age of 16 nearly all adolescents (94%) have tried an alcoholic drink (Wright 1999 cited in Rassool G.H., 2007), 47% of these adolescents have drank alcohol at least forty times. From the age of twelve those who have tried an alcoholic drink outnumber those who have not (Haydock, 1998). The average age for the first taste of alcohol for a boy in 8 years 6 months and 9 years 2 months for a girl (Black 1994 cited in Haydock 1998). In the framework of the government health policy our healthy nation (Department of Health, 2002, cited in Rassool G.H. et al,DATE), young people are an important target group in prevention, therefore healthy attitudes early enough may reduce the risk of alcohol misuse. The Beattie’s model has offered structural analysis in the range of approaches since 1991. Beattie 1991 suggests there are four principles to health promotion. The model is divided into two dimensions top and bottom, with each dimension having two paradigms. Each of these four paradigms provides a description of the different approaches to health promotion. The two paradigms at the top of the model describe...
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