Health Promotion in Nursing Practice
Implementing Health Promotion in Nursing Practice
Health promotion today is often confused with health education. When nurses are implementing health promotion in practice, an understanding of what health promotion is must be identified. According to the World Health Organization, health promotion is defined as, “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus of individual behavior towards a wide range or social and environmental interventions.” (“Health promotion”, 2013) Health education is a very limited topic compared to health promotion and nurses use the terms interchangeably when in reality health promotion is much more than just providing education for patients. Broken down into three categories, health promotion deals with the disease process on an individual level. Primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of promotion focus on different stages of the disease process starting with prevention and ending with restoring maximum function with already established diseases.
The purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is to increase the quality of life. Nurses have the most personal interaction with patients in the medical field; therefore, every interaction with a patient must be turned into a teaching moment. Upon assessing the patients’ needs, they’re able to identify actual and/or potential problems using those as starting points for education while assisting patients in changing behaviors and using reinforcements to improve the patients’ condition. In this initial assessment, nurses are able to identify which level of health promotion is needed assisting them in finding a starting point for helping correct or modify these behaviors (Morton, 2013). A study completed in 2008, showed that health promotion by nurses was mistaken for the concept of modified health...
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