Health Promotion Essay

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 352
  • Published : October 4, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Today, a greater proportion of the population of many countries is entering older age as a result of medical and technological advances as well as improved standards of living (Goklany, 2007, World Health Organization, 2011). This establishes a significant challenge to the population as individuals, communities and governing bodies regarding health promotion, disease prevention and quality of life. Wilhelmson, Andersson, Waern and Allebeck (2005) describe quality of life as a dynamic concept and conclude that psychosocial influences are equally important with functional ability in measuring quality of life. Healthy ageing, however, is a broader concept than an absence of disease, encompassing value of lifestyle with maintenance of autonomy, security and independence while having an ability to positively adapt to life situations (Hussain, Marino, Coulson, 2005). The inherent significance of ageing with success is a subjective one, dependent on cultural and personal expectations, psychosocial factors and life experience (Hussain et al, 2005). This essay will explore the use of a Chronic Conditions Self-Management Framework in realizing healthy ageing and how this is influenced by the individual, the community and by government policy and program formulation. It has been theorised that there is an inherent connection between who one is in old age, and who one has been in life preceding that phase (Andrews, 2009). Cognitive functioning in the older person can be determined by the educational and mental pursuits of earlier life - with those individuals engaging in an active, involved lifestyle with mental stimulation keeping robust cognitive functioning in later life (Fritsch, McClendon, Smyth, Lerner, Friedland, Larsen, 2007). These findings were linked to implications on the concept of healthy ageing as well as the programs initiated and supported by government bodies. A program such as Australia’s ‘Become a Swapper’ or United States of America’s ‘Healthy People 2010’ focus on physical activity and healthy food choices to improve life expectancy and quality of life. While these considerations do form a part of a pursuit of healthy ageing, activities requiring high mental requirement are not considered (Fritsch et al, 2007). Mental health is addressed, but only in the context of reducing levels of mental illnesses, not sustaining or improving cognitive abilities (Fritsch et al, 2007). This is important to consider, given that active involvement and comprehension of choices increases participation in changes of behaviour, a focus on cognitive abilities should be an inclusive promotional feature of health promotion programs. The significance of health promotion and its implications for healthy ageing are explored further by Hussain, Marino and Coulson (2005), outlining that the individualisation of a proactive program is essential for success. Furthermore, by adopting a holistic approach, including the physical, social, psychological and emotional aspects of healthy ageing there is an increase in likelihood of an individual adopting positive or changing health behaviours (Reicherter and Greene, 2005). Rees and Williams (2009) found by a systematic review that if individuals and health professionals work collaboratively and with mutual respect, offering active patient involvement in health decisions, increased effectiveness and participation in a health care program is achieved. The relation between sense of control and well-being is linked to resilience and adaption to change and adversity, as outlined in a study undertaken with older persons receiving community based care (Janssen, Van Regenmortel, Abma, 2011). Emphasized domains found to be of importance by participants include personal relationships, relations with professionals, opinion about personal capability, aptitude to understand one’s circumstances and access of health and social services. Using one-to-one educative consultation coupled with a mutually reached, goal...
tracking img