Health Promotion

Topics: Health, Public health, Medicine Pages: 3 (904 words) Published: April 12, 2014
Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health (World Health Organization, n.d.). It encompasses a combination of health education and related organizational, political, and economic changes aimed at improving health (Hooyman & Kiyak, 1999). In addition, health promotion focuses on helping individuals, families, and communities develop the competence and capabilities they require to gain control over day-to-day life events and circumstances, thereby achieving a sense of security. Therefore, the ultimate goal of the health promotion model is to promote a sense of well-being, not just the absence of disease. Distinguishing factors between contemporary views of health promotion versus the historical views Historical view- In this view, health promotion dealt with protecting the community with infectious diseases providing safe water and reducing environmental threats which was normally done by the government or organization such as WHO (World Health Organization) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). This emphasis of these organizations was mass vaccinations against preventable diseases such as small pox, polio and measles. A comprehensive public health approach, combining science with practical approaches to address cultural and socioeconomic factors important to the improvement of child outcome for at-risk women is essential to eliminate these preventable diseases. In the historical events, socioeconomic factors played a great role. Due to the poverty rate back then, there was an outbreak of tuberculosis, comitant infection with HIV, alcohol and substance abuse and inadequate ventilation at a men’s shelter in upscale New York. Despite the vigorous efforts to treat the patients with tuberculosis, non-compliance with medication made it impossible to achieve cure. The local authority had to get a court order to mandatorily hospitalize those patients. But in the early part of 1900s, the health...
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