Health Promotion in Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Care Nursing Monica V. Poehner
Grand Canyon University: Family Centered Health Promotion
November 10, 2013
Health Promotion in Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Care Nursing
Among the many aspects of nursing care, health promotion as become one of the largest and most important. As health and illness has evolved, the need for education and prevention has greatly increased. Standing at the forefront in multiple settings, nurses are striving to promote health in every aspect of care. This is a review and reflection of the purpose and definition of health promotion as well as how nursing plays its part in the primary, secondary, and tertiary care settings.
The three levels of care settings can reflect similarities and differences in methods of health promotion. In primary prevention, the focus is protection from illness. Examples of interventions in this category are health education, adequate housing and recreation, agreeable working conditions, periodic check-ups and screenings, and protection from accidents, carcinogens and allergens (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). A bicycle safety course encouraging parents to enforce the use of protective equipment and helmets with their children is primary prevention. By wearing protective gear, if a child falls of his bicycle, he is less likely to be injured. Although goals in primary prevention are targeted towards individuals, healthcare leaders are taking the approach in bringing promotion into larger groups: schools, workplaces, prisons, and general practice (Bennett, Perry, & Lawrence, 2009). “Secondary prevention aims to shorten episodes of illness and prevent progression of ill health through prompt diagnosis and care” (Bennett, Perry, & Lawrence, 2009). Immunizations and blood pressure screenings are examples of secondary prevention. Kubik, Story, & Davey discuss a study promoting the implementation of school-based obesity...
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