Importance of Health Promotion
Health of an individual can be defined as a state free of illness, having a healthy behavior and a good state of mind. Health care industry is now focused on preventing illness by promoting wellness enhancing strategies which nurses have an important role to play as care provider and educator. Levels of preventive care are primary prevention – health education, immunization and fitness activities, secondary prevention – diagnosis and prompt intervention and tertiary prevention – minimizing the effect of long term disease. In 1948 the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as “state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease, but moves beyond this definition to encompass spiritual, developmental, and environmental aspects over time”. (Edelman, C. & Mandle, C. 2010, p. 7). The increase in health care cost made people to think about prevention of disease and now a day’s industry is more and more advocating people for health promotion and wellness. Health promotion is the science and art of helping people change, their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health (Potter, P., & Perry, A. 2005). Health promotion not only focuses on individual but on community itself like eliminating or containing contagious diseases. It educates and provides guidance to individuals to choose healthy living standards, nutritional foods, social and spiritual developments etc. thereby reducing the chance of getting disease. It also focuses on individuals to take measures from worsening an existing disease and rehabilitation thereafter. Health promotion has two strategies involving individual – passive and active. Passive strategies are like recent United Nations resolution advocating less use of mercury which is harmful to human beings. Here an individual participation is less wherein active strategies require individual commitment and involvement. An example is daily exercise to...
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