Health Effect

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 13
  • Published : March 12, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Alcohol –
the Body
& Health
Effects
A brief overview

3

Contents
5

5
6

21

Introduction
What is alcohol?

Bodyeffectsofalcohol

Mental health conditions

22 Alcoholanddruginteractions
23 Effectsofalcoholonotherpeople

9

Brain and nervous system

24 Women

Breasts – women

24 Men

10

Eyes

25 Young people

10

Heart and blood pressure

25 Older people

11

Intestines

11

Kidneys and fluid balance

26 How much?

11

Liver

27

12

Lungs

Advice for parents of children and
young people under 18 years

12

Mental health

27

What is a standard drink?

12

Mouth and throat

13

978–1–927138–42–7 (online)

Bones and muscles

10

978–1–927138–41–0 (print)

23 Children and families

9

ISBN

Blood and immune system

9

The Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand (ALAC) would like to thank Dr Fiona Imlach Gunasekara, Public Health Medicine Specialist, for preparing the summaries of the health and body effects of alcohol in this resource.

23 The unborn child

9

Acknowledgements

Overall body effects

Pancreas and digestion of sugar

13

Sexual health – men

13

Sexual health – women

14

Skin and fat

14

Stomach and food pipe (oesophagus)

15 Healtheffectsofacutealcoholuse
15
17

Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand
Kaunihera Whakatupato Waipiro o Aotearoa
PO Box 5023
Wellington
New Zealand 6145
alac.org.nz| waipiro.org.nz | June 2012

Alcohol poisoning
Hangover

18 Healthconditionsrelatedtochronicalcoholuse

24 Effectsofalcoholonpopulationgroups

26 Low-riskalcoholdrinkingadvice

28 When not to drink
28 Tips for low-risk drinking
28 Background to drinking advice
29 Wheretofindsupportandfurtherinformation
30 Glossary
32 References
TABLES
7

Table 1: Symptoms of drunkenness at different
levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC)

16

Table 2: Potential symptoms and complications
of acute intoxication or alcohol poisoning, by
body part affected

19

Table 3: Potential conditions and complications
of chronic and/or heavy episodic alcohol use,
by body part affected

20 Cancers
20 Cardiovascular disease
21 Existinghealthconditionsimpactofalcohol
21

Diabetes mellitus

5

Alcohol (ethanol or ethyl alcohol) is the ingredient
found in beer, wine and spirits which causes
drunkenness. Alcohol is formed when yeast ferments
(breaks down without oxygen) the sugars in different
foods; for example wine is made from the sugar in
grapes, beer from the sugar in malted barley (a type of
grain), cider from the sugar in apples, and vodka from
the sugar in potatoes, beets or other plants.[1]

Health Effects & Conditions

What is alcohol?

Body Effects
Impact of Alcohol
Effects of Alcohol

This resource provides a brief
overview of the health and body
effects of alcohol. It is a series
of short summaries based on
available evidence rather than
a comprehensive literature
review. Areas covered include
the effects of alcohol on body
parts, the health effects of
acute alcohol use, the health
conditions related to chronic
alcohol use, and the effects of
alcohol on other people and
populations. Low-risk drinking
advice is also outlined in this
resource along with information
about where to find support and
further information.

Introduction

Introduction

Drinking Advice
Support & Information

6

7

Some impairment in motor coordination and thinking ability
Talkativeness
Relaxation

50-150 mg/dL

Altered mood (increased well-being or unhappiness)
Friendliness, shyness or argumentativeness
Impaired concentration and judgement
Sexual disinhibition

150-250 mg/dL

Slurred speech
Unsteady walking
Nausea
Double vision
Increased heart rate
Drowsiness
Mood, personality and behaviour changes which may be
sudden, angry and antisocial

300 mg/dL...
tracking img