Health Critique

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I chose an article titled “Decayed and Missing Teeth and Oral-Health-Related-Factors: Predicting Depression in Homeless People”. The article was posted in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research: Volume 71 Issue 2, in August of 2011. This study was conducted in Scotland by five experimenters looking to determine the effect of dental health, dental anxiety, and oral-health-related quality of life upon homeless people and their depression. I chose this article because I found the study to be interesting and unique and I wished to learn more and see the results. According to the article written by Emma Coles, Karen Chan, Jenifer Collins, Gerry M. Humphris, Derek Richards, Brian Williams, and Ruth Freeman (2011), a 2008-2009 statistic shows that 57,304 homeless households reported to the local authorities in rural Scotland that they needed financial assistance. One third of those households included members who have multiple and complex needs such as mental illness, drug and/or alcohol addictions, and physical disabilities. Many homeless people suffer from low self-esteem, lack of confidence, loneliness, and depression due to unemployment and poverty. Because of poverty, most of the homeless population do not visit a dentist often and have decaying or missing teeth. This study was conducted in order to see if poor oral health was a leading factor in their depression. Experimenters began by gathering a group of homeless people from the Scottish National Health Service (NHS) Board regions of Ayrshire and Arran, Forth Valley, Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Highland, Lanarkshire, Lothian, and Tayside. 853 gave their consent to take part, and of those 853, 74% were male. The age of the participants ranged from 16 to 67 years old. At the time, 27% admitted to using illicit substances and 20% stated they were injecting drug abusers. The participants were given three questionnaires to determine levels of dental anxiety, oral health, and depression. Participants also received a...
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