-Health Care Team
Health Care Team
A health care team is all of the people who provide care and services to patients. Every employee at a health care facility is a member of a health care team. Some members of the team, such as nurses and therapists, work directly with patients. Other members, like billing officers and maintenance staff, have very little contact with patients. The health care team also includes a patient's family and caregivers. Each member of a health care team has an important role. All members of the team must work as a cohesive unit to provide the best possible health care to patients.
Health Services Pathways
There are many careers in health care. Each career is categorized into one of the following pathways, or areas: •Diagnostic Services - Careers in diagnostic services involve evaluating the health status of patients at a single point in time. Careers in diagnostic services include phlebotomists, electrocardiograph technicians, and medical laboratory technologists. •Therapeutic Services - Careers in therapeutic services involve improving the health status of patients over time. Careers in therapeutic services include medical assistants, nursing, and physicians. •Information Services - Careers in information services involve documenting patient care. Careers in information services include medical transcriptionists, medical records technicians, and medical librarians. •Support Services - Careers in support services involve creating an environment in which to provide patient care. Careers in support services include central supply workers, food services, and housekeeping.
Team Member Roles
The roles of health care workers within a single pathway vary widely. For instance, in therapeutic services, a registered nurse has more advanced education and different responsibilities than a nursing assistant. Below is a list of specific careers that have multiple levels of job titles and job duties. •Medical
•Emergency Medical Services
•Mental and Social Services
Medical Team Members
Medical careers focus on diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and disorders. There are various members of health care teams who may perform medical services for patients. •Physicians diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases and disorders. •Physician assistants and nurse practitioners do many of the tasks that physicians do, including prescribing medications. They refer patients with more complicated cases to physicians. Physician assistants work under physicians. However, nurse practitioners do not need to work under physicians, so they may be patients' primary health care providers. •Medical assistants work under physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners. They perform clinical tasks.
Nursing Team Members
Nursing careers usually make up the largest group of employees at a health care facility. These employees provide personal care to patients. The care includes all areas of a patient's well-being, including the physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health. •Registered nurses (RNs) work under physicians. They are responsible for all of the care a patient receives and perform a variety of technical procedures. •Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) and licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) work under RNs or physicians. They perform nursing procedures that require specialized training, but state and facility regulations may limit the types of procedures that LPNs and LVNs can do. •Nurse assistants work under LPNs/LVNs or RNs. They provide daily care to patients, such as bathing, feeding, and assisting with ambulation.
Diagnostic Team Members
Diagnostic careers involve evaluating the health status of patients at a single point in time. There are a variety of diagnostic careers, including: •Medical laboratory technologists (MTs), who work under...