«Минский государственный лингвистический факультет»
Жуковская Александра Игоревна
Health care systems.
Belarus and Great Britain compared.
Макарова Лариса Николаевна
Part 1 Health care4
Part 1.1 Health care industry4
Part 1.2 World Health Organization5
Part 1.3 Health care systems5
Part 2 Healthcare in Great Britain7
Part 2.1 National Health Service (NHS)7
Part 2.2 Funding and management7
Part 2.3 NHS Constitution8
Part 2.4 Patient experience10
Part 3 Healthcare Situation in Belarus11
Part 3.1 Healthcare and Hospitals11
Part 3.2 The National Health Service12
Part 3.3 Doctors13
Part 3.4 Rural Health Centers13
Part 3.5 Pharmacies14
Part 3.6 Polyclinics14
“Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the best relationship.” Buddha (Hindu Prince Gautama Siddharta, the founder of Buddhism, 563-483 B.C.)1
In these times of worldwide economic duress, governments have to cut spending all across the board in order to make the ends meet and protect their citizens from a complete socio-economic collapse. Naturally, a significant part of any modern country’s budget is health care, and the policies and strategies a government employs to manage and adjust health care spending in these tough economic times speaks volumes about the true value of human life and health. In my paper I want to compare the health care system in Belarus and Great Britain and to make a conclusion which would help to understand difference between health care systems.
Health care or healthcare is the treatment and prevention of illness. Health care is delivered by professionals in medicine, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy and allied health.
Health care industry
The delivery of modern health care depends on an expanding group of trained professionals coming together as an interdisciplinary team.1, 2 The health-care industry incorporates several sectors that are dedicated to providing health care services and products. According to industry and market classifications, such as the Global Industry Classification Standard and the Industry Classification Benchmark, the health-care industry includes health care equipment and services as well as pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and life sciences. The particular sectors associated with these groups are: biotechnology, diagnostic substances, drug delivery, drug manufacturers, hospitals, medical equipment and instruments, diagnostic laboratories, nursing homes, providers of health care plans and home health care.3 According to government industry classifications, which are mostly based on the United Nations system, the International Standard Industrial Classification, health care generally consists of hospital activities, medical and dental practice activities, and other human health activities. The last class consists of all activities for human health not performed by hospitals, physicians or dentists. This involves activities of, or under the supervision of, nurses, midwives, physiotherapists, scientific or diagnostic laboratiories, pathology...