1) What role does Congress play in the formulation of health policy? Congress plays a major role in development of health policy: * Medicare
* Veterans affairs
* National institutes of health
* Health care reforms
* Authority spread across several committees
* Involvement includes regulatory, programmatic, financing, and oversight 2) How does Congress operate?
The United States Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the Washington, D. C. in the U.S. Capitol. Each state has two members representing it in the Senate, regardless of the population of the state. The Senate has certain powers that the House does not. These include accepting to treaties as a precondition to their ratification and accepting or confirmation of appointments of Cabinet secretaries, federal judges, military officers and other federal government officials. The number of House of Representatives for each state is determined by the population of each state. Powers that the House of Representatives hold include the power to start revenue bills, impeach officials, and the power to elect the President in Electoral College deadlocks. A bill is proposed to the congress and it is then discussed and revised. If it is passed, with identical language, it is then forwarded to the President who then may veto the bill or sign it into law. Congress has the largest amount of members in Congress with 53 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 State Senators. 3) What are the various steps in legislation?
* First, a representative sponsors a bill.
* The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. * If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. * If the bill passes by simple majority 218 of 435, the bill moves to the Senate. * In the Senate, the bill is assigned to another committee and, if released, debated and voted on....
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