Health and wellbeing has two definitions a positive and a negative. The positive definition of health and wellbeing is the achievement and maintenance of physical fitness and mental stability, the negative definition is the absence of physical illness, disease and mental distress. Mental health and wellbeing is different to physical health and wellbeing, mental health means good mental functioning and having no particular problems in thinking, feelings and behaviour, this is the opposite of mental illness which is generally used an individual experiences a significant change in their thinking, feelings or behaviour this change can affect how the individual functions or distresses themselves or others around them. Health and wellbeing can be illusive because these definitions over simplify things because an individual’s mental and physical behaviour changes overtime due to evolution. Health and wellbeing can be assessed by models which can break down the health and wellbeing into catagories making it easier to discover a lack of health and wellbeing. The medical model
The medical model or biomedical model as it is also known has been around since the 19th century and is the leading model to assess health and wellbeing. It became the leading model as research into physiology and medicine discovered the causes of disease and illness.
The nature of the medical model is that it views the human body as a shell that is empty of emotion and feelings, the medical model also presents that all diseases are caused by a specific agent this is the basis of germ theory. When germ theory is applied it means that treatment is based on intervention of the germ by medical knowledge and skills. The nature of this model is a reductionist one, meaning that it focuses on the biological changes in parts and not as a whole. The patient;
The medical model views the patient not as an individual but as a representative of the...