Health and Social Care Unit 11

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Unit 11 Safeguarding.
P1) Describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults. Physical Abuse - Is a form of abuse which may be violent towards another person who this person may be vulnerable and might not be able to protect themselves. Examples of this may be; cuts, bruises, and possible broken bones. The long term effects that physical abuse could have are mental illness, scared of people coming near them, loose self-esteem and confidence, and may become vulnerable. Sexual Abuse- This may occur when there is unwanted sexual contact or forceful proceedings to do something sexual which you may not want to do. This normally involves two people but could be more people involved. Examples of this could be rape and touching inappropriate places. Long term effects of sexual abuse could be that scared, won’t let anyone come near them, lose confidence, become vulnerable and could possibly lose trust in people. Emotional Abuse - This could involve little eye contact, little affection towards the victim, little evidence of self belief, and also could be very emotional and drawn due to lack of attention. Institutional Abuse - This abuse occurs within a group organisation such as a Residential care home. This is where staff can take advantage of abusing all there patients in any form of abuse. Bullying - This is another type of abuse. This could involve hitting, spitting, swearing, shouting, threatening behaviour. Bullying can be any type of abuse it could be physical, emotional, institutional, sexual, neglect. Most types of abuse would come under as bullying. Self Harm - This is a type of abuse which is caused by you. This can be done by cutting yourself with sharp objects such as a knife or razor, burning you with something hot such as a fire or cigarette. Or even overdosing on your medication or just general tablets which you can buy from a local shop. Cyber bullying- This is where bullying occurs online through social networking sites, emails or instant messaging. People can send abuse in emails and think its private and nobody can see. This can make people feel very upset and could potentially lead to a lot of trouble or danger. Neglect - The signs of neglect could be hunger and dehydration. Failure to have any energy to do everyday tasks, also been ‘dirty’ from not washing, skin conditions such as chapped skin/scabies/nappy rash ect, and also illnesses regularly.

P2) Describe indicators that abuse may be happening to adults. Physical abuse - red marks, bruising, swelling, cuts from another person harming you with something or someone else intentionally meaning to harm you which might cause any of the above. Crying and screaming could also be a short term affect, un explained broken bones, and fractures could also be physical abuse. The long term effects of physical abuse could become scared of people coming near them, loose self-esteem and confidence, may become vulnerable and lose all trust in people. Sexual abuse - bruising may occur, red marks, lack of self-esteem, been nervous around a certain person, sweating more than usual, eating appetite has been lost, bruising and swelling around the genital area and ripped or marked bedding. The long term effect on sexual abuse could be, they won’t let people near them, lose trust in people, lack confidence and self - esteem, be scared to go out of the house and could become depressed. Emotional abuse - depression, upset, being subjected to loud noise, pressurised or manipulated into making decisions, having opinions and behaviour explained, only in terms of a person's age or disability. Neglect - Someone looking dirty, smelling of an odour, looking frail and no colour to their skin tone, not treated correctly e.g. might not be given your medication properly or ‘forgotten about’ Bullying abuse: Physical indicators such as swelling, bruising, bleeding, afraid of been alone, nausea, paranoid and emotional. Self harm: cuts and swelling may occur on somebody’s...
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