1) Know How To Recognise Signs of Abuse
Physical Abuse: This can be biting, hitting, throwing things at or over so a service user is scalded, burnt, Shaking, suffocating, trying to force feed or causing any physical harm to a service user. Sexual Abuse: non penetrative sexual act can be forcing a service user to watch sexual activities, including watching sexual activities on the internet, forcing them to take part in sexual activities, behave in a sexually inappropriate way; penetrative act’s including rape and buggery. Emotional/Psychological Abuse: this can be bullying a service user, using threats or fear, making a person have low self esteem, making a service user feel they are worthless, exploitation, swearing at service user and verbal abuse and imposing inappropriate expectations.Financial Abuse: stealing money or property from a service user, denying the service user access to their money, misappropriation and mismanagement of the service user finances especially with the elderly and those with learning difficulties.Institutional Abuse: Failure to maintain professional boundaries, misuse of information, authority or power over service user by staff in a health and social care setting, physical restraint, humiliation or bullying, inappropriate use of medication, denying privacySelf-Neglect: service user neglecting toilet or needs and personal hygiene, service users self-harming or engaging in neglectful behaviour such as refusing to eat or drink, service users actually causing body harm by cutting. Neglect By Others: not caring for an individual’s needs such as giving basic care such as not washing, toileting, feeding or personal care.
| Physical Abuse: If a service user is being physically abused there may be bruising, bite marks, burn marks, you will see a change in behaviour, in extreme cases this can lead to death.Sexual Abuse: This can lead to self-harm, repeated urinary infection, inappropriate sexualised behaviour, loss of self esteem, depression, impaired ability to form relationships. Emotional/Psychological Abuse: This can cause loss of self-esteem and confidence; the service user can become withdrawn.Financial Abuse: The service user can become withdrawn, loose trust in other people which could mean they would become fearful, conforming and submissive also insecurity, their possessions may also disappear, power of attorney may be sort when service user cannot comprehend.
1) Know How To Recognise Signs of Abuse
Institutional Abuse: loss of self esteem and confidence, loss control, submissive behaviour. Self-neglect or Neglect by others: self neglect by the service user or others such as weight loss, unkempt appearance, dehydration, signs of self-harm such as cuts, submissive or withdrawn behaviour.
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| A person’s age can determine whether they are more likely to be vulnerable if they are elderly or are a young child.The physical ability of a person such as frail, immature in development, any physical disability and sensory impairment Cognitive ability, how mature a person is, level of intellectual and education understanding, if a person has learning disabilities, mental health difficulties, depression, stress due to bereavement, divorce, illness or injury.Religion or culture, prejudice or discrimination if you are a refugee or you are a asylum-seekerSocio-economic such as Financial situation, setting or situation.
2) Know How To Respond To Suspected Or Alleged Abuse
If I suspected the service user was being abused in any way I would first go to my manager and explain why I felt this way. If I still felt nothing was being done then I would then go to the area manager. I would explain why I felt the service user was being abused and what I had already done about the situation. If after that I still felt the abuse was still going on then I would contact the CQC (Care Quality Commission.)
| If a service user confides...
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