Health and Social Care

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Unit 245.

Outcome 4 – understand the basic principles and practise of advocacy, empowerment and active participation in relation to supporting individuals with learning disabilities and their families.

A socially inclusive society is defined as one where all individuals feel valued, any differences they have are respected and all their basic needs are met so they can have a dignified life.

Advocacy is voicing the cause or policy of interested of the president no longer has the support of the other people in the same position around them and they develop a scheme of mutual support and help each other out if necessary.

There are a variety of different types of advocacy. These are:

Citizen advocacy – this is a one tone partnership between two people. The citizen advocate is a volunteer who usually forms a long term relationship with their partners and then they take an personal interest in their partner and ensure their partners interest are effectively represented. This type of relationship is based on trust, commitment and loyalty. There is also an element of emotional support and friendship as well as a social element. This can involve taking the partners out to new experiences and/ or activities.

Independent (issue bases) advocacy – this can also be called crisis or case advocacy. This is usually a one to one partnership between two people and are often provided by paid advocates. This type of advocacy is usually short termed, one – off involvement which deals with specific issues in a person’s life. They usually share the same principles as citizen advocacy.

Self-advocacy – this is seen by many in the advocacy movement to be the most ideal form and one which all other types of advocacy should be aiming to work towards. This is people speaking out for themselves to express their needs and representing their own interests. People with learning disabilities often receive some support in achieving self – advocacy. This model is employed by...
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