Health and Social Care

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Anatomy and Physiology for Health and Social Care; Assignment 7.1 Cells; the human body has many different cells; each cell has a different job to do. An example of this is hair cells. Tissues; are a group of cells that work together to do a specific function. An example of this is muscle tissue. Organs;

Brain; the brain controls many functions, it sends and receives messages which come from one of your five senses these messages travel around the nerves in your body to the nerve cells in your brain. Eyes; Take information in from around you and send it to your brain. You have different parts of your eye which have different functions which allow you to see. Skin; the skin has many functions; one of these functions is to protect the body. It also helps keep out infection and controls the temperature of the body, if the body gets too hot it sweats to try and cool itself down and if it’s too cold then the hairs on your body stick up to try and catch heat. Heart; Pumps blood through our veins and arteries, it pumps oxygen to the lungs and delivers nutrients around the body. Lungs; the lungs transports oxygen into the bloodstream, they also remove Carbon Dioxide from the bloodstream. The name for this process is Gas Exchange. Ears; your ears collect sounds that are then sent to the brain and are interpreted; they also help your balance. Stomach; the stomach stores food so that it is then digested, your saliva helps breakdown the food you chew. When it gets to your stomach it breaks the food down more so that it turns into a liquid mixture. Pancreas; this is responsible for producing the hormone insulin, which controls glucose levels. If insulin isn’t produced it can lead to diabetes. The pancreas also helps digest food by creating enzymes which go into the small intestine to carry on the process of digestion. Liver; the liver is the largest gland in the body. It is the only organ that can’t repair itself after it has been damaged for example this could be alcohol poisoning. The liver is also important for food digestions as it produces bile. It also removes unwanted substances, for example alcohol. Intestines; you have one small intestine and a large intestine, the job of the large intestine is to removes water from the undigested food and help form waste so that it can be excreted. The small intestine receives food from the stomach, and then passes it onto the large intestine to finish the process. Kidneys; one of the main functions of the kidneys is for filter unwanted waste for example salt and water from the blood. The waste that is collected by the kidneys is then passed onto the bladder, and then removed by going to the toilet. They also help keep balance of minerals in your body. Bladder; your bladder is the organ that stores urine (excess waste) the bladder can hold from 400-600ml for up to five hours. As your bladder fills it expands then contracts when it’s empty. Testes; are the male reproductive organs, they create and store sperm cells. Testosterone is produced in the testes; this hormone helps development such as muscles and also physical features like facial hair. Ovaries; the ovaries stores your eggs which are released monthly, these eggs travel down the Fallopian tube and are released as a period. The ovaries make hormones called oestrogen and progesterone. Systems;

Each body is made up of different systems a few of these are cardiovascular system, Digestive system, excretory system and immune system. But these are only a few, the systems work together to help the body function properly. Each system has its own functions and do different things but they do work together to do jobs too. Cardiovascular System;

Comprises of;
-The heart
-The blood
-The blood vessels
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body. The heart is split into four chambers, two on each side. The four chambers are called The Left Atrium, The Left Ventricle, the right atrium and the right ventricle. Each side has a...
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