Health and Safety Legislation

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Unit 3
M1
In this assignment I am going to describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting. Firstly, all health and social care settings should have fluent staff training; this is to ensure that all staff is actually aware of the policies, safety legislation and procedures they will have to follow when working in the health and social care setting. The manager should go through all potential procedures that will have to be carried out in any incident. For example, the manager should construct a map of the building and make clear where all exits and emergency exits to the building are, this is in case of a patient escaping the building or in case of a fire, as the map will show clear routes to ensuring no one is in harm. The maps should be scattered all over the building on the walls so they are easy to find. All staff should be informed on where all fire exits are in the building and also explained to the service users so they have an understanding on the nearest exit if a fire occurs. This is following the fire precautions act 1997 as its main duty is to ensure all staff and service users are safe in the health and social care setting. The fire precautions act state that premises with over 5 workers must have a written risk assessment explaining fire safety work that needs to be required. Following the risk assessment, the employer must, where necessary, in order to safe guard service users and workers, provide the following; emergency routes and doors, lighting above emergency exits, fire equipment (fire extinguishers) fire detectors and fire alarms where necessary. All these should be provided with picture signs so anyone would be precautious and aware when using them, this is put in place by the health and safety (safety signs and signals) regulations 1996 act. Here are examples of these below.

The manager of the organisation must train employees in fire safety following this risk assessment. An emergency procedure should be clearly explained by the employer to employees on how to act and what to do if a fire occurs for example; they must set the fire alarm, contact the fire services, keep all service users calm also workers (but should focus on service users) and calmly leading everyone outside to the safety point, quickly taking a register to ensure no one is still inside the building. In order for this to work efficiently and professionally, all workers must be prepared, trained and equipped. All equipment and facilities such as fire extinguishers, smoke detectors etc should be regularly checked in order to ensure they function properly, if not, they should be fixed immediately as if a fire did occur, everyone will be at great risk of harm as they may not be aware of the fire (fire alarm defaulted) or cannot put out a fire in emergency (may be trapping or already harming someone). When repaired, it should be all recorded to ensure everything is up to date; this is because if anyone was harmed and the manager was to blame, she will have proof that the equipment was not faulty. Having all equipment up to date can prevent or decrease the risk of service users/ workers from being harmed. In every health and social care organisation a fire drill should occur every few months, this is so the workers and service users will understand what to do if a fire does occur also will know what to expect. For example in a school, a fire drill occurs every 5 months, the children are now used to this and do not feel as alarmed and as scared as they did the first time, they now have an understanding on what to do and where to go when the fire alarm sounds off. Employers must appoint an adequate number of competent persons to assist them to comply with their obligations. This was stated by:http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1997/1840/contents/made. The fire precautions (workplace) regulations 1997. This means that if it was just the...
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