The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 sets out the general day to day activities within the Workplace, that employers or employees may face when they are working. It outlines the possible hazards and risks within the workplace, and ways to minimise that risk or prevent the incident from recurring. This health and safety law has been reviewed in 1994 and again in 1999 and says that good management and common sense is what is needed to be able to tackle problems faced in the workplace in a sensible manner. It is the foundation of the British health and safety law and therefore it is an important document regarding the safety of people in the country.
The main requirement for employers and employees is to ensure that risk assessments are carried out and updated according to the situation. For example: A risk assessment of the workplace is necessary for employers and employees. This risk assessment should clearly outline the potential risks while working in the organisation and the targeted people who are affected within that organisation. It should outline the controls and guidelines that are to be followed and include additional measures where appropriate.
There are five main steps which are used as a guideline to complete and assess a workplace or an organisation in which the school may take their pupils/students to on an organised visit. These stages are as follows: 1. Identify the hazards
2. Describe the hazards and risks; saying how it may harm the targeted audience. 3. Evaluate these risks and then think of the precautions that should be taken to minimise or prevent the risk from occurring. 4. Record or write down what you have found- remember that all risk assessments should be simple to understand and updated when necessary. 5. A review of the risk assessment should take place at least every year (on a formal basis) and any improvements should be written down on an ongoing...