health and nutrition

Topics: Health care, Health, Health economics Pages: 28 (7632 words) Published: May 7, 2014
Health and nutrional economic growth in
Pakistan: A systematic review


Submitted by

Hafiza Sobia Ramzan


We, the supervisory committee, certify that the contents and form of report submitted by Hafiza Sobia Ramzan, PGDAE-35 has been found satisfactory and recommend it for the evaluation by the examiner for the award of post graduate diploma in applied economics.

Supervisor: Dr. Azmat Hayat
Associate professor
Department of Economics
University of the Punjab, Lahore


First of all we thank our ALLAH for establishment of this work. All praises for ALLAH, Who guides us from darkness to light and help us in all difficulties. All and every respect is for His Holy Prophet MOHAMMAD (P.B.U.H) for unique comprehensive and everlasting source of guidance and knowledge for humanity and enables us to recognize our creator. It is my foremost duty to express my heartiest and sincerest gratitude to my respected supervisor Dr. Azmat Hayat, for their kind guidance encouragement, continual guidance and simulate discussion on all aspects concerning this thesis during my studies. I would like to give my heartfelt appreciation to my parents, who brought me up with their love and encouragement me to pursue advanced degrees. Last but not least I am thankful to my whole family. I would like to give my heartfelt appreciation to my friends who accompanied me with their love, unlimited patience, understanding, helping and encouragement. Without their support, I would never be able to accomplish this work. And all the teachers in my university and my coworkers because without their prayers and help I could have never been able to do anything in my life.

Hafiza Sobia Ramzan

I Dedicated this Humble Effort



Who introduced me to the joy of reading from birth, for their love, endless support and encouragement And
The only reason I am doing it because I know that it will mean alot to my parents

Most people want to lead healthy lifestyles. There is much that people can do individually to protect their health including driving safely, wearing seatbelts, avoiding tobacco smoke and air pollution, exercising regularly, eating healthy food and having regular checkups. But many health risks are also influenced by community factors, including transportation and land use planning decisions. Health plays the key role in determining the human capital. Better health improves the efficiency and the productivity of the labor force, ultimately contributes the economic growth and leads to human welfare. Access to good health can contribute positively to the economic and social development of a country. Thus, key issues that impact the health status of people ought to be addressed through a diverse set of policy tools comprising short and long term measures to secure better health outcomes. The people of Pakistan have grown healthier over the past three decades. The vision for the health sector comprises a healthy population with sound health, enjoying good quality of life through the practice of a healthy life style. In order to achieve this vision, significant measures have been taken toward disease prevention, health promotion, and greater coverage of immunization, family planning, and provision of female health worker services. To attain better, more skillful, efficient and productive human capital resources, governments subsidies the health care facilities for its people. In this regard, the public sector pays whole or some part of the cost of utilising health care services. The size and distribution of these in-kind transfers to health sector differs...
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