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PPI TN-27/2009 Frequently Asked Questions HDPE Pipe for Water Distribution and Transmission Applications

PPI TN-27: Frequently Asked Questions HDPE Pipe for Water Distribution and Transmission Applications Foreword This report was developed and published with the technical help and financial support of the members of the PPI (Plastics Pipe Institute, Inc.). The members have shown their interest in quality products by assisting independent standards-making and user organizations in the development of standards, and also by developing reports on an industry-wide basis to help engineers, code officials, specifying groups, and users. The purpose of this technical note is to provide answers to commonly asked questions about use of HDPE (high density polyethylene) piping systems for water applications. This report has been prepared by PPI as a service to the industry. The information in this report is offered in good faith and believed to be accurate at the time of its preparation, but is offered without any warranty, expressed or implied, including WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Any reference to or testing of a particular proprietary product should not be construed as an endorsement by PPI, which does not endorse the proprietary products or processes of any manufacturer. The information in this report is offered for consideration by industry members in fulfilling their own compliance responsibilities. PPI assumes no responsibility for compliance with applicable laws and regulations. PPI intends to revise this report from time to time, in response to comments and suggestions from users of the report. Please send suggestions of improvements to PPI. Information on other publications can be obtained by contacting PPI directly or visiting the web site. The Plastics Pipe Institute, Inc. http://www.plasticpipe.org

November 2009

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PPI TN-27: Frequently Asked Questions HDPE Pipe for Water Distribution and Transmission Applications INDEX A. General B. Engineering Properties & System Design C. Joining D. Installation E. Maintenance & Repairs F. Costs G. Case Histories H. Miscellaneous Page 3 4 8 11 12 14 14 14

A. GENERAL Q. 1 Is HDPE pipe safe for drinking water? Yes. HDPE pipes certified for potable water applications are produced from pressure rated polyethylene compounds approved by NSF for public drinking water service. Q. 2 Is HDPE pipe available in both ductile iron pipe size and iron pipe size outside diameters? Yes, HDPE pipe is available both in iron pipe (IPS) and ductile iron pipe sizes DIPS), sometimes also known as cast-iron pipe sizes (CIPS). IPS sized HDPE pipe has the same outside diameter as black iron or carbon steel pipe. DIPS sized HDPE has the same outside diameter as cast/ductile iron pipe. Typically, ductile iron pipe sizes are available from 4- inch to 36-inch diameters. Iron pipe sizes are available from ¾- inch to 65-inch diameters. Q. 3 Is small diameter HDPE pipe and tubing available in both iron pipe size inside diameter controlled and copper tube size? Yes, small diameter HDPE pipe products are available in both inside diameter controlled (SIDR) and copper tube size outside diameter controlled (CTS-SDR). Typically, SIDR pipe is available from ½-inch to 3-inch diameter while copper tube size products are typically available in sizes ¾-inch to 2-inch. Q. 4 Where can dimensional information such as outside diameter, wall thickness and inside diameter of the various sizes of HDPE pipe be found? Normally, they will be found in the published literature of the HDPE pipe manufacturer and in ASTM standards. They can also be found in the nd Appendix to Chapter 6 of PPI’s Handbook of Polyethylene Pipe, 2 ed. Q. 5 What does the acronym HDPE stand for? HDPE stands for High Density Polyethylene. Q. 6 How does the use of HDPE pipe save money for a utility? HDPE pipe provides the lowest life cycle cost when compared to other systems due to significantly reduced or no...
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