Hcs455 Policy Topic Search and Selection

Topics: AIDS, HIV, Immune system Pages: 2 (498 words) Published: July 4, 2011
Policy Topic Search and Selection
University of Phoenix

Policy Topic Search and Selection
According to a online dictionary the word policy is defined as, a plan or course of action, as of a government, political party, or business, intended to influence and determine decisions, actions, and other matters (Free Dictionary, 2011). Policies are set in place to make sure that the rules are being followed. The health care industry has many polices and that is what this paper will focus on. This paper will focus on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The paper will have a quick summary of both viruses and then the stakeholders affected by the viruses will be discussed. HIV/AIDS

The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic is still on the rise. Research shows that the viruses are taking a rising toll on women and girls in the United States. New AIDS cases in women increased from 8% in 1985 to 27% in 2005, and these figures are even greater globally, where women represent half of all adults living with HIV or AIDS (Kaiser Family, 2007). Affected Populations

Among women with HIV and AIDS black women have a higher positive rate for the viruses than white women. Teenagers represent a small share of the HIV infection but teenage girls between the ages of 13-19 are half of the identified HIV cases. In addition, most women with AIDS were diagnosed between the ages of 25 and 44, which indicate that many women were possible infected at a young age (Kaiser Family, 2011).

The Center for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) recommends routine HIV screenings for all female ages 13-64, and repeat screening for females who are at high risk. The CDC also recommends that HIV testing be included in prenatal screenings for all pregnant women, unless the patients decline the test, and during the third trimester the HIV screening should be repeated for...
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