March 19, 2012
Legal & Safety Paper
When looking for a job people look at what kind of job it is and how much they pay and what benefits they offer. People don’t look at the acts involved like the equal pay act, the Americans with disabilities act, the family and medical leave act, and finally the drug free work place act. These acts are very important to know when looking for a job. Throughout this paper I will be telling you all about them and how they affect you as an employee and as a workplace. The equal pay act was introduced in 1963 during the World War II. It came to be an act because men were at war and the woman wanted to step up and make money. The equal pay act was designed so that men and woman would get the same pay for the same work being done. When this act was first induced into legislation it was called the Woman’s Equal Pay Act of 1945. Woman had to prove that the men got paid more than the woman, they did the same amount and quality of work, and the men and woman worked under the same conditions. All of this just to recover under the equal pay act of 1963. An employer may pay a male employee more than a female employee if the employer can establish that payment is based upon (1) a seniority system, (2) a merit system, (3) a system whereby earnings are based upon the quantity and quality of production by the employees, or (4) a differential based upon any other factor other than the sex of the employees. Although the first three of these defenses have been the subjects of litigation, the fourth exception has been litigated more frequently (thefreedictionary.com, 2012).
The Equal Pay act of 1963 affects the work place and workers in many ways. This act makes sure that men and woman are paid equally for the same quality and amount of work. It also holds true to the merit system and seniority system. A man can get paid more for those reasons, but a woman can also get paid more than a man for those same reasons. This act helps the employees because this way they know they have to be treated equal to others and get paid equal. If their workplace does not do this then they can get in trouble. The Americans with disabilities act is an act that protects people that have disabilities. It prohibits discrimination toward people who have disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodation, communications, and governmental activities. There are four departments that enforce the Americans with disabilities act and they are Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Department of Transportation, Federal Communications Commission, and the Department of Justice.
This act helps out the work place and the workers. This is because people and go into their job knowing that even if they have a disability they are still wanted at work. Also because if people are looking for work they know they can’t get denied work because they have a disability. It helps the work place out because they are looked at in a better way and the workers know they are safe at their job and well protected because they can’t get fired because they might fall down with a disability or they already have a disability. The Family and medical leave act is a very important act to most people. This act allows people to take unpaid leave throughout the year for certain reasons and for a certain amount of time rather it is for family or medical reasons. An employee gets 12 work weeks of leave in a one year timeframe. If an employee is going to take unpaid leave it has to be for certain reasons. These reason include child birth or to care for a newborn within a one year of birth, adoption or foster care parent and is in a year of the new placement, to take care of an employee’s spouse, child, or parent because they have a serious health condition, The employee who has a serious health condition and can’t do their job, and if spouse or child is in military and is hurt....