Positive Public Health
Carrie "Shellie" Cobbs
Public and Community Health
Dee Martinez, RN, MSN
April 20, 2014
Positive Public Health
Doctors advise their patients to be healthy and work towards wellness. This advice affects more than the patient and their immediate actions to make corrections to their own wellbeing. Making changes to yourself can inspire other family members, friends, and co-workers to get up and start making changes for themselves. In theory the Health Impact Assessment (HIA) has the same effect on communities and how they make changes to the communal areas shared by the citizens. The Health Impact Assessment is a “process that helps evaluate the potential health effects of a plan, project or policy before it is built or implemented” ("HIA," 2014, p. 1). The advice given to a community helps them make informed choices about designing their community and how these choices will help improve public health. Describe the demographics of the area the issue affects
The broad spectrum of HIA is on a national level but on a more specific level the HIA focuses on individual communities and projects to improve the public communal areas. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2010 report describes a healthy community as “one that continuously creates and improves both its physical and social environments, helping people to support one another in aspects of daily life and to develop to their fullest potential” ("Healthy Places," 2014, p. 1). Healthy community places are designed and built to improve the quality of life for all the community members and allows the individual the ability to make better choices to be healthy. Explain the effect of the issue, such as volume and prevalence over time, and before and after the intervention As America has grown and people have immigrated to this country the major metropolitan areas experienced rapid growth. This growth was especially fast during the industrialization era between 1876-1900. The rapid population growth during this time led to overcrowding and poor housing conditions. Poor sanitation resulted in higher rates of infectious disease. As public health, planning officials, and the overall communities started working together improvement to the water and sewer systems, trash collection, and the overcrowding of housing a decrease in infectious disease was evident. As sanitation efforts progressed and improved in U.S. cities public health officials and planning professionals stopped working together. Currently in America today we have an epidemic of obesity and related chronic disease and the public health and planning professional sectors are uniting once again and the Health Impact Assessment is one tool that is rejuvenating the partnership again. Discuss the significance or effect on the community.
Healthy environments are essential to the wellbeing of the community inhabitants. The environment is the air we breathe, water that we drink and use, land, structures, natural and man-made conditions that affect the quality of our lives. Healthy community environments deal with aspects of human health, disease, and injury affected by our surroundings. Understanding how health and the environment interact allows us to incorporate physical surroundings, land use, transportation, industry, and farming. Discuss possible causes, and contributing behavioral and environmental factors. Rapid population growth is a cause that affects healthy environments. Poorly planned development of communities and transportation is another problem. The life expectancy of Americans has increased by 40 years since the end of the industrial era. When the public health and planning professionals created solutions for the infectious disease in our country environmental conditions improved allowing people to live longer lives. Incorporate the PERI model you created to support the epidemiological model and evidence-based...
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