Hca/220 Week 2 Assignment

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HCA/220

When studying the human body there are seven approaches and different but yet specific points of view. The seven approaches are: Body planes and body directions
Body cavities
Quadrants and regions
Anatomy and physiology
Microscopic to macroscopic
Body systems
Medical specialties

Body planes and body directions is when the body is divided with a n imaginary flat surface in which it divides the body into two parts. The three main plans are coronal and frontal, sagittal and transverse plane. The planes divide the body from right and left, top and bottom, and front and back and the directions represent movement. Coronal or frontal plan is when the body is vertical and divided into front and back sections. Cavities are hollow spaces and it is surrounded by bones or muscles. The body has five cavities which are cranial, spinal, thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities. Cranial consists of the brain and cranial nerves. Spinal is part of the cranial cavity. The spinal cavity travels down the middle part of the back, the spinal cord, and nerves are part of the spinal cavity. Quadrants are divided into four or nine regions and are very helpful when giving physical exams. The four quadrants are: left upper quadrant (LUQ), right upper quadrant (RUQ), left lower quadrant (LLQ), and right lower quadrant (RLQ). Anatomy and physiology is the study of the body and the structures and functions. Anatomy is the study of the structure and physiology is the study of the functions of the structures. Microscopic to macroscopic is the study of small parts and how they combine to make larger structures. Tissue and organs that are macroscopic can be seen by the naked eye. Microscopic organs cannot be seen and only can be seen by the use of a microscope. A body system is the study according to different structures and how they function together as a system, a few examples of body systems are: lymphatic system, eyes, urinary...
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