Hazards in Air Transportation

Topics: Air safety, Aircraft, International Civil Aviation Organization Pages: 10 (2974 words) Published: January 5, 2013
Baggage handling related hazards
Emission of Carbon Monoxide hazardous gas in aircraft refueling operations •Vehicle operations on airport aprons such as access vehicles to aircraft for catering operations •The application of computer technology and the accompanying use of video display terminals (VDTs) result to adverse health effects •Ergonomic related issues such as jobs requiring repetitive, forceful or prolonged exertions of the hands; frequent or heavy lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying of heavy objects; and prolonged awkward postures. One good example of outcome of the prolonged awkward postures in aviation industry is most of the pilots experience musculoskeletal disorders due to long fly hours •The hazardous noise which is emitted by the aircrafts will be a cause for resulting adverse hearing effects •When the aircrafts are taking off and landing, harmful dusts, smokes and gases will be emitted and those emitting can cause for hazardous effects •While transporting the dangerous goods, hazardous effects can be occurred if it’s not handled according to the required standards. •Inclement weather such as thunderstorms can be caused for occurring aircraft accidents and eventually it would be hazardous for passengers, aircraft and crew. •Aircraft high jacking and terrorist attacks to the aviation industry would be adverse hazards for passengers, aircraft and crew.

ii.Baggage handling related hazards
Employees who work in the baggage make-up room must move baggage from conveyors to carts and baggage containers for transport to the aircrafts. Conditions in the make-up room can be particularly stressful during peak times when baggage flow rates are at highest. The baggage make-up room injuries can be occurred when using the baggage sorting systems like single pier belts, sloped carousel belts or double deck pier belts. Potential hazards involve with these baggage handling can be elaborated as below, •Repetitively lifting baggage from the conveyor while assuming awkward body postures and extended reaches •Lifting heavy baggage

Bending over and reaching farther for bags in order to work around curbs, railings, and bollards •Repetitively lifting heavy bags from high locations, such as the top belt of a double deck pier system •Repeatedly lifting baggage with little recovery time between exertions because belt speeds are set too fast when there is a high flow of bags Due to these hazards, employees may be experiencing physiological outcomes.

Emission of Carbon Monoxide hazardous gas in aircraft refueling operations
When the aircraft refueling operation is taking place, Carbon Monoxide which is one of the most hazardous gases will be emitting from the operation. Aircrafts are refueled by using fueling vehicles or relevant equipments. Therefore, the personnel who are engaging with this operation will be facing the adverse effects of Carbon Monoxide emitting since they spend a considerable amount of time sitting in idling fueling vehicles or equipments.

Once the employees inhale hazardous Carbon Monoxide for long times, they may feel headaches, vertigo, and flu-like effects due to its poisonous nature. Larger exposures of Carbon Monoxide can lead to significant toxicity of the central nervous system and heart, and even death can be occurred. Chronic exposure to low levels of carbon monoxide can lead to depression, confusion, and memory loss of the employees. Carbon monoxide mainly causes adverse effects in humans by combining with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO) in the blood. This obviously reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, leading to hypoxia. The hazardous noise which emit by the aircrafts will be a cause for adverse hearing effects

Aircraft landing and taking off are the chief sources of aviation noise. Aircraft noise can affect concentration and result in feelings of anger, frustration and stress in short term. These...
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