Hazardous Substances

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Unit 8 task 4 hand out 3
Hazardous Substances
A hazardous substance is defined in federal government regulations as “one that may cause substantial personal injury or illness during reasonable handling or use, including possible ingestion by children.” According to the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA), household products are hazardous if they contain substances that have one or more of the following hazardous properties:# Corrosive: A product that can burn or destroy living tissue, such as skin or eyes or by chemical action. Examples: Drain cleaners, oven cleaners, and lye. Irritant: A product is an irritant if it is not corrosive and causes injury to the area of the body that it comes in contact with after immediate, prolonged, or repeated contact. Examples: Toilet cleaners, chlorine bleach cleaners, and some pool chemicals. Strong Sensitizer: A product that can cause an allergic reaction upon repeated uses of the same substance. Usually this does not happen when a person first comes in contact with the product, but after a second exposure. Examples: Dyes, oils, tars, rubber, soaps, cosmetics, perfume, insecticides, wood resins, plants, paints, plastics, glues, fiber glass, metals, and polishes. Flammable: Any substance, liquid, solid, or the contents of a self-pressurized container, like aerosol cans, that can be easily set on fire or ignited. Extremely flammable, flammable, and combustible are the three types of flammability based on testing. Examples: Paint thinners, some solvents, adhesives, rubber cement, and hair spray. Toxic: In addition, a product is toxic if it can cause long term effects like cancer, birth defects, or neurotoxicity (toxic to nerves). Examples: Brake fluids, fungicides, insecticides, fertilizers, rat poison, and antifreeze. Routes of Exposure

A product is hazardous if it can produce personal injury or illness to humans when inhaled, swallowed (ingested), or absorbed through the skin. 1. Ingestion – eating or drinking...
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