HayesTerm1 Doc

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 207
  • Published : March 27, 2015
Open Document
Text Preview
Houston Community College

Native Reactions to the Invasion of America

Grey Hawk Hayes
History 1301
Professor Rodolfo C. Villarreal
February 27, 2015

Native Reactions to the Invasion of America
Prior to the events that would be ensued by John Smith’s total warfare ways, the Native Americans were already on high alert by the looming European ways of establishing settlements. During the early days of Christopher Columbus landing on the islands of the Caribbean, the Taino people experienced the first of many things that the rest of the New World would also play part in. The article begin by shedding light on how Columbus’ status was look upon with great veneration due to how traditional historians seemed to bed themselves with their own fictitious perceptions. They seemed to disregard the real victims to America’s inception, and James Axtell presents his article in order to target the error of biased historians as well as the incite of how natives viewed the European settlers that came to their land. Many natives admired the industrious weaponry the Europeans begat, yet unmistakably disregarded the European way of civility due to their dependence on the Indians themselves for maize. Unfortunately though, this practice of ideology would soon change, because of how fast and unpredictable the Europeans expanded their settlements. The French, English, Spanish, etc. all took to the pen for diplomatic agreements, yet as time passed the hospitality of the Native population was undermined and exposed by the European settlers. When diseases such as small pox became prominent throughout the region, the natives faced their looming end. There were several factor to how the Native populace would begin to intergrade within the European dominion after conquest had proven them victorious, this being how women were found to make multiple assortments and agricultural stability by farming, whereas the men were turned into indentured servants that took upon themselves the women’s previous line of work. There was a mixture of either hatred and fear or fear and benevolence which prompted many natives to convert towards their European oppressors. Axtell describes the futility which the Natives had to address as the most agonizing torment bestowed upon the Europeans. It was not only insidious, but he expresses with truth how many Natives would give up their culture and religion in order to justify their claim of citizenship within the European ranks. Christianity seem to answer all of their torments as morphine to numb the pain from a dying soldier in battle. It was not the answer to their problem, but an institution to appease their psychological desires of inquiry. It is still well known though that many Indians in fear and benevolence to the more technologically advanced Europeans, and it is because of that they willingly integrated. Although the Native expressed the concern for self-defense, they also sought out (through their own various traditions) on peace. It’s quite fascinating how they wanted to maintain their status quo ante, yet the Europeans sought to sheathe their weapons for a season in order to expose weaknesses within the Native American tribes. This process was very different among the European settler, such as the Spanish and English settlers which believed in living how the locals live. Regardless the situation, the Native Americans tried to address their Apocalypse by hoping friendly measure would refrain their foreign neighbors from furthering their agendas. The enduring fate that came after failure to conquer their enemies by peace was disease, depopulation, and dislocation. From James Axtell’s viewpoint, it’s simple to see he distaste for how traditional and modern historians puke out their own bias instead of sticking to how the Natives really thought and felt. This is quite evident when he corrects the modernist’s perception of conversion of...