Ancient History Profile Research
Hatshepsut was the daughter of the Pharaoh Thuthmosis Akheperkare, otherwise known as Thuthmosis the 1st, he was married to his sister Queen Aahmes who gave birth to Hatshepsut in 1508 B.C. Hatshepsut had many step siblings, they consisted of Ouazmosou, Amenmosou, Wadjmose, Nefrubity and Thutmose the 2nd some derived from a range of “second classed wives”. Out of all her siblings Hatshepsut was the oldest. Her sister Nefrubity died when she was an infant, so did the other ‘pure-bloods’ Wadjmose and Amenmosou, making Hatshepsut the only pure-blooded child of Thuthmosis the 1st. After the passing of Thuthmosis the 1st the role of Pharaoh was assumed by Thuthmosis the 2nd after marrying Hatshepsut to ensure his right to the throne. This was needed to be done as Thuthmosis the 2nd was not of entirely pure blood due to his mother being a secondary wife and not the “Great Royal Wife”. Thuthmosis the 2nd and Hatshepsut had one child, she was named Neferure. Thuthmosis also had a son with the secondary wife Isis, named Thuthmosis the 3rd. The rule of Thuthmosis the 2nd ended abruptly after 13 years due to death by an unknown sickness.
After the death of her husband Thuthmosis the 2nd, It was declared that Thuthmosis the 3rd was to become pharaoh, however he was too young to assume this role. Hatshepsut then began her early career as Queen and regent of Egypt taking command until Thuthmosis the 3rd was able to rule. Her daughter Neferure took on the role of Queen in religious and civil rituals. In an attempt to ensure Thuthmosis the 3rd’s right to rule Neferure became his wife due to his mother not being of royal blood. Hatshepsut’s early career was quite conventional as wife to Thuthmosis the 2nd and regent, Queen’s before Hatshepsut have also ruled as regent for their under aged sons, an example of this would be the Queen Ahhotep. In fact, co-regency’s were quite common in the middle kingdom, it is thought that it aided in avoiding succession difficulties and allowed the young Pharaoh a chance to be trained into his role. Although it was quite conventional, It has been argued by Historian ‘Tyldesley’ that this was an unprecedented situation due to Hatshepsut acting as regent even though Thuthmosis the 3rd was not her son. At the start of her regency she was quite accepting of her role and she still regarded herself with titles such as ‘King’s great wife and god’s wife’. Although Hatshepsut was quite accepting of her role as regency during the earlier stages, according to Scholars such as W.C Hayes after 2 years as regent she began to pursue her right to reign as Pharaoh. They came with this theory after an inscription detailing a religious procession at Luxor Temple found at Hatshepsut’s Red Chapel at Karnak. Some scholars like Tyldesley believed that she assumed the role of Pharaoh after pursuit in year7 due to a pottery seal found in the tomb of Senemut’s mother indicating that she was using her throne name ‘Maat-ka-re ‘ by year7. Hatshepsut’s claim to the throne was enshrouded with propaganda used to aid justify her right to rule, this propaganda was used to heavily emphasize her relationship with the god Amun and Thuthmosis the 1st. In ancient Egypt it was believed that the Pharaoh was the physical son of Amun, Hatshepsut’s claim was unconventional as it is pursued the idea of the birth of the first ever daughter of Amun. She conveyed this belief with the story that the god Amun manifested as Thuthmosis the 1st in front of her mother Queen Ahmose and held the Ankh (The symbol of life) up to her nose where she could breathe his heavenly essence and thus give birth to Hatshepsut after being assisted by the gods Bes an Taweret. Upon birth she claims that she was given the symbols of the Pharaoh the Ankh, Threshing flail and the Shepherd’s crook where she is then promised all the peoples and lands of Egypt by the god Anubis. This...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document