1. The 2 types of major surface markings that bones have are depression/openings and processes. 2. The skull bone in which metopic sutures are found is within the skull of a new born, that’s one reason why Liu and Hassan were surprised to find metopic sutures in an adult skull. The other reason is because after the age of six or so, the sutures should have disappeared. 3. The delicate skeletal structures that are found inside the nasal cavity that might be missing from an excavated skull would be the perpendicular plate, the vomer and the inferior/middle nasal concha. Page 191.
1. Hassan can tell the age of the remains of the women and baby by using four main sutures: the coronal suture, sagittal suture, squamous suture and the lambdoid suture. 2. The features of the vertebral column that would have the larger skeleton in the sarcophagus would show that it’s a female because a females vertebrae is smaller than a man’s. 3. During strangulation or neck trauma, the bone that may be damaged other than the cervical vertebrae would be that of the hyoid bone. Page 201
1. An anthropologist can determine if a vertebra was cervical, lumbar or thoracic based on the size, shape and physical characteristics. For example: The cervical vertebrae’s body is more oval shaped and articulates with the ribs it also and contains the transverse foramina structure , whereas the thoracic body is a small, semi-circular shape and doesn’t articulate with the ribs and there is the lumbar which also articulate with the ribs, however they are larger and circular shaped. 2. Bones can show signs of the diseases that destroyed their community because bones are living tissues which are constantly remodeled and shaped by a person’s activities, health and diet. 3. The structure that passes through the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae would be the vertebral arteries and veins. If damaged, it would cause death...