Harvard Referncing System

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In-Text References WWW.LIB.UTS.EDU.AU
When you cite a reference in the text of your work • include the author’s surname and the year of publication. • if the reference has two or three authors, use “&” between the last two authors • if there are more than three authors list only the first author and abbreviate the others by “et al.” For example (Turner & Roth 2003) (Alysen et al. 2003)

The Reference List

All references cited in text should be • included in a reference list at the end of your work, • ordered alphabetically by author surname. For each reference • list all authors, with initials following each surname, using “&” between the last two if more than one author • when there is no author, use the title in its place (see examples below).

Rules for Titles

• Book titles, journal names and website titles should be in italics. • Journal article titles and chapter titles from books should be in plain text inside ‘single quotation marks’.

Rules for Quotations

If you are using a short quote • the in-text reference must include the page number • use “p.” for a single page or “pp.” for several pages. For example ‘the taxation advantage … was … neutralised in 1988’ (McGrath & Viney 1997, p. 137)

Author/s Year Title Publisher Place of Publication

Alysen, B., Patching, R., Oakman, K.M. & Sedorkin, G. 2003, Reporting in a multimedia world, Allen and Unwin, Crows Nest, NSW.

Without an author (ie using the title in place of the author), the reference would look like this

Maximum Linux security: a hacker’s guide to protecting your Linux server and workstation 1999, Prentice Hall, Hemel Hempstead, UK.

For an edited book (note the “(eds)” for editors. Use “(ed.)” if only one editor), the reference would look like this Turner, S.P. & Roth, P.A. (eds) 2003, Blackwell guide to the philosophy of the social sciences,...
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