Harsh Prison Sentences

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Harsh prison sentences will prevent people from committing crime.

Punishment is defined as the infliction or imposition of a penalty as retribution for an offense (Oxford Dictionary). In this essay, an attempt will be made to discuss whether harsh prison sentences will prevent people from committing crime. Firstly, in countries like Indonesia different crimes are punished with the death sentence which causes problems in families of those that are executed. Secondly, prison conditions have been proven to not prevent crime but instead cause even more crime. Thirdly, punishments bring negative reinforcements; the harsher the punishment the heavier the imprint in the prisoner’s mind and the more prone this person will be to committing crime once released. Finally, a conclusion will be presented.

Harsh prison sentences in countries like Iran and Indonesia are made to teach the general public that committing a crime is wrong and offenders will be punished. In Indonesia, being in possession of marijuana will warrant the offender a death penalty whereas South Africa can give you a heavy fine or a minimal sentence of approximately ten years depending on how much is on you when you are caught. With that being said, the family of the person who has been executed will seek revenge one way or another. Reason being, the death sentence is the same as murder to some thus more crime will be committed by family members seeking to avenge the death (execution) of their loved one especially given the circumstance of the crime. Every execution, one way or another, leaves behind a new victim and that does not help in reducing the crime rates in any country. For example, if the person that was executioned had a child, that child will grow up not understanding why their mother or father was killed and grows up to resent the world, leading them to start a life of crime. In the long run, crime rates will rise thus and the cycle starts all over again.

Prison conditions have been...