WHAT IS HARM REDUCTION?
Harm reduction is a set of practical strategies intended to reduce the negative consequences of high risk behavior such as over drinking or drug abuse. Harm reduction is a non judgmental approach that attempts to meet people where they are at with their drinking or drug abuse. Instead of demanding perfect abstinence, this pragmatic approach is supportive of anyone who wishes to minimize the harm associated with a high risk behavior such as drinking or drug abuse. Harm reduction accepts that high risk behaviors such as recreational alcohol intoxication or part of world and works to minimize their harmful effects rather than simply ignore or condemn them. Harm reduction does not attempt to force people to change in ways which they don’t choose for themselves. Harm reduction is a compassionate approach whose primary concern is the increased well-being of its constituency. Harm reduction works on the premise that it is easier to get people to make small changes than to get them make big changes. Because of this it is possible to have a far greater positive change than getting only a few people to make big changes. It is easier and far more effective to get people to use seat belts than to eliminate auto-mobile and driving entirely. And it is easier and more effective to teach people how to plan their drinking and drink safely than to try and eliminate recreational intoxication entirely. Prohibition and coerce abstinence do not work, harm reduction does.
WHY SHOULD HARM REDUCTION APPROACHES BE IMPLEMENTD?
The main reason that harm reduction approaches should be implemented is that these strategies save lives and diminish the likelihood of drug use problems for the individual, their families and the surrounding community. 1. Liver problems: related to the user’s physical or psychological health such as cirrhosis, cancer, overdose, psychiatric, psychological or emotional problems (amnesia, depression.paranoma, etc) accidents or other injuries while intoxicated. 2. Lover: problems related to relationships, family, friends, intimate partner and children. 3. Livelihood; problems related to the user professional life (e.g, lack of concentration at work or school) and other non-professional activities such as hobbies. 4. Law: legal problems related to illegal drug use, drug acquisition, and /or trafficking including driving under the influence of drugs Other effects of drug and alcohol abuse
1. work places:
Substance use can cause major consequences on the “work place”: absenteeism, lost production, staff retention, interpersonal conflicts, increase number of accidents/injuries, all these have happened as a result of alcohol and drug use and have been documented on occupational health and safety. Alcohol/drug abuse makes someone to fail to acquire or hold a job because of the effects of drugs on coordination, balance and the ability to think and retain.
2. Politics/drug policy reform
Alcohol and smoking are more or less socially acceptable drugs none the less, they are killers. Other socially acceptable or prescription drugs include tranquillizers and sleeping tablets. The danger of abuse of over the counter medicines, although receiving less public attention, is probably greater than “controlled” or illegal drugs because they are more generally available. Everyone knows that the trade in hard drugs is big business, few are aware that the business involved in prescription drugs is even bigger. The pharmaceutical industry is one of the fast growing in the world. Millions of monies are spent on advertising and the promotion of brand names to doctors has a great influence on what product will eventually prescribed to patients. The pharmaceutical industry spends on average over twice as much as on advertising as it does on research and development on new products. In some countries especially developed,...
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