Hardcore Poor People

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NGO Interventions and It’s Impact on Livelihood Development of Right Holders Livelihood Status of the Hardcore Poor Right Holders in Hard to Reach Areas of Bangladesh

Quarterly Comparative Report based on Monthly Livelihood Survey (July – September 2012)

NGO Interventions and It’s Impact on Livelihood Development of Right Holders: Livelihood Status of the Hardcore Poor Right Holders in Hard to Reach Areas of Bangladesh Author Polin Kumar Saha Acknowledgement

Quarterly Comparative Report based on Monthly Livelihood Survey (July-September, 2012)

This report provides an assessment of livelihood of the poor in between two groups (right holders and non-right holders), living in hard to reach areas in Bangladesh. The data have been collected from three villages of the three districts, namely Gaibandha, Sirajganj and Shariatpur. The report acknowledges, with gratitude, of efforts provided in collecting data, by the staff of Gana Unnayan Kendra (GUK) in Gaibandha, Gono Kalyan Sangstha (GKS) in Sirajganj and Shariatpur Development Society (SDS) in Shariatpur. This report is an output of Climate Change, Biodiversity and DRR unit of Unnayan Onneshan. I cordially thank Sawon Istiak Anik for his constant support in the data analysis to carry out this research work. This report has immensely benefited from other colleagues at Unnayan Onneshan. Special thanks to Shahid Md. Adnan and A. Z. M. Saleh for their kind support in editing and publishing the report. The entire research is conducted under the guidance of Rashed Al Mahmud Titumir.

© Copyright: Unnayan Onneshan-The Innovators The content of this publication may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes with proper citation (please send output to the address mentioned below). Any other form of reproduction, storage in a retrieval system or transmission by any means for commercial purposes, requires permission from the Unnayan Onneshan-The Innovators. For orders and request please contact: Unnayan Onneshan - The Innovators 16/2, Indira Road, Farmgate Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh Tell: + (880-2) 8158274, 9110636 Fax: + (880-2) 8159135 E-mail: info@unnayan.org Web: www.unnayan.org

Livelihood Status of Hardcore Poor in Hard to Reach Areas in Bangladesh

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgement Table of Content List of Table and Figure Executive Summary Summary of Findings Introduction Objective and Rationale of the Survey Sample Selection Comparability with conventional mechanisms Limitations Households Income Sources of income Level of income Basic Needs Consumption Expenditure Situation Key Findings Impact of NGO Interventions and Policy Relevance Consumption of Food Key Findings Impact of NGO Interventions and Policy Relevance Situation on Poverty Income poverty Food poverty Key Findings Impact of NGO Interventions and Policy Relevance Desegregated Gender Situation References Annex 1 Methodology of the State of Livelihood Income Poverty Line Food Poverty Line Annex 2 2 3 4 5-7 7-8 9-10 9 9 10 10 11-13 10 12 13-15 13 15 15 15-17 16 17 16-17 17 19 20 20 20-21 22 23-24 23 23 23 25-27

Livelihood Status of Hardcore Poor in Hard to Reach Areas in Bangladesh

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List of Tables
Table 1: Month-wise occupational proportion (Percentage value) of controlled and uncontrolled respondents Table 2: Location-wise expenditure level (shown as percentage of total expenditure against the total income) between two groups of the respondents Table 3: Month-wise expenditure level (shown as percentage of total expenditure against the total income) between two groups of the respondents Table 4: Location-wise evaluation in the rate of poverty between two groups of the respondents Table 5: Evaluation of location-wise rate in food poverty between two groups of the respondents Table 6: Observation of female access in formal education system 11 14 15 19 20 21

List of Figures
Figure 1: Location-wise occupational status between controlled and un-controlled group of...
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