Hammurabi's Code

Topics: Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Babylon Pages: 2 (584 words) Published: March 26, 2013
The Code
“When Marduk sent me to rule over men, to give the protection of right to the land, I did right and righteousness in ..., and brought about the well-being of the oppressed.” -King Hammurabi
In every civilization, once a group of people grows, disorder is soon to follow. To avoid a disorganized catastrophe, some sort of governing body will be set in place, oversee this people. The use of rules is seemingly used in almost every society; a set of laws, as they will come to be called, or in this case, a code. One specific code that was set in place was written by a Babylonian King over 4000 years ago, which may make one think, how do these apply today. But one could be very taken by not only the differences between the old code- but the similarities. In present day Iraq, one may see the old desert like area that is about 85 kilometers south of Bagdad, which coinceidentally; hold the ancient ruins by the lands former name: Mesopotamia. It was here, that the city-state of Babylonia was very active, and in 1792BC, its sixth king would rule. This king, Hammurabi, inherited the throne from his father in the fore stated year. He made many improvement to the Babylon kingdom, such as building temples and defensive walls, and after a war around 1763BC, he had united a vast majority of Mesopotamia, all under one ruler: Hammurabi. He later died in 1750BC, and the throne of power was passed to his son. Hammurabi was not only famous for being a king. Although maybe not then, he is now famous for a feat that is still known today as being the author of the first set of written laws. These laws, etched onto around 12 man sized tablets and one stele, are of various themes. They would have been placed for everyday citizens to read. The text was written in a cuneiform called Akkadian, and they are one of the longest remaining texts from the Old Babylonian times. Not only are that one of the oldest physical laws, they are among the first to use new forms of judicial...
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