Shakespeare is arguably the most influential playwright in the history of theatre. Hamlet could possibly be called one of Shakespeare’s most recognizable and greatest creations of his lifetime. To truly be able to understand Shakespeare, you have to know how his structure fits into the plot, characters, thoughts, diction, music, and spectacle of his plays. These six structural terms are what will lead us in the right direction to analyzing this play.
Shakespeare sourced this play from a Danish prince whose father was killed by his uncle, who then married the prince’s mother. The prince acts insane to throw his uncle off and finally gets his revenge by killing him. Shakespeare flourished this true story by adding the theme of uncertainty. Hamlet has many chances to take his uncle’s life yet he stalls because he is uncertain of whether or not the Ghost has given him the correct information. Other situations in the play that also demonstrate this “uncertain” quality include the audience not knowing for sure if Gertrude also feels guilty about the untimely marriage of her and Claudius; Hamlet not differentiating between love and hate for Ophelia; Hamlet not knowing for sure if the Ghost’s information is credible; and at the end of the play the audience is left not really knowing for sure if justice has been served. (Sparknotes)
I’ll begin the analysis by talking about the plot of the play. Hamlet is a tragic play based around the central theme of vengeance, which is brought forth by Hamlet’s father being killed and Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle, marrying Gertrude, the queen. Hamlet finds out that the watchmen have seen a ghost three nights in a row that looks like his father. Hamlet goes the next night to the watchtower that the ghost was sighted. The apparition turns out to be the ghost of Hamlet’s father. The ghost tells Hamlet that he was murdered by his brother Claudius and urges Hamlet to take vengeance for him. Hamlet pretends to be...
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