The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. Set in the Kingdom of Denmark, the play dramatizes the revenge Prince Hamlet exacts on his uncle Claudius for murdering King Hamlet, Claudius's brother and Prince Hamlet's father, and then succeeding to the throne and taking as his wife Gertrude, the old king's widow and Prince Hamlet's mother. Hamlet is a play written by William Shakespeare between 1601 and 1603. Hamlet is Shakespeare's longest play and among the most powerful and influential tragedies in all literature. The play was one of Shakespeare's most popular works during his lifetime and still ranks among his most-performed. The play explores themes of madness, revenge, mortality, religion, art and culture, lies and deceit, sex, gender and family. Madness – both real and feigned – is at the heart of the play. At times Hamlet pretends to be mad and at other times behaves in ways that suggest that he really is mentally unstable. The complexity and sheer ambiguity of Hamlet's mental state and erratic behavior is compelling and seems to speak to the play's overall atmosphere of uncertainty and doubt. The concept of revenge is present from the very start. Mortality is also present in the play. Hamlet's musings on suicide, especially the "to be or not to be" speech, are legendary and continue to direct discussions of the value of life and the mystery of death. Hamlet registers many of religious ideologies and spiritual anxieties of the 16th century. Christian ideas about "Mortality" and the afterlife have been explored. The play weaves together Christian attitudes toward murder, suicide, and revenge. Hamlet, more than almost any character in literature, hates deception and craves honesty.However he is trapped in a political world where Deception is necessary for and used by every character for various purposes. In the play, sexuality is frequently associated with deception, sin, and a seemingly fallen world. The young...
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