Hamiltonian vs Jeffersonian Democracies

Topics: United States, United States Constitution, Federal government of the United States Pages: 15 (5544 words) Published: April 30, 2013
Federalist and the Democratic Republican parties, respectively. The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, advocated the importance of a strong central government in leading the country forward, while the Democratic Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson, promoted increasing the common man’s role in government. Although both political parties had good intentions for the future of the United States, the Federalist Party was much more effective at uniting the American people, avoiding domestic faction, and keeping the best interests in mind for the future of the United States. Hamilton said the few, and Jefferson said the many.

This is fact that the policies and strategies of Thomas Jefferson served and facilitated a vital equilibrium to ideas of Hamilton. Support of Jefferson of states’ rights and farming assisted to balance the influence of the Hamilton-helping mercantilists and companies. Though, in the absence of Hamilton’s offset, the policies of Jefferson may become the administration weak and unsuccessful to treat with huge domestic and international crises.

Alexander Hamilton
Hamilton, however, believed that Washington should publicly declare that the United States would remain out of the war, Washington did eventually deny Genet's request, but he did not declare the 1778 treaty void, as Hamilton suggested. Genet was allowed to continue his recruitment campaign, which nearly prompted Great Britain to declare war on the United States. Washington ordered Genet to return to France, but Genet asked not to be sent home because he believed that he would lose his head on the guillotine if he returned. Washington allowed him to stay in America. The British, angry with America's borderline participation in the wars, began taking measures into their own hands. Great Britain still maintained military outposts in the westernmost lands of the United States, and refused to remove these soldiers. British soldiers also began to impress American civilians and merchant sailors into serving on British warships, and the British navy seized hundreds of American merchant ships. To prevent war with Great Britain, Hamilton encouraged Washington to send Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay to London to sign a treaty with the English. Jay left for England in 1794 with instructions from Hamilton that outlined American goals for the diplomatic talks. In his instructions, Hamilton insisted that British impressments of Americans cease, that all British forts be removed from American territory, and that the random seizure of American ships come to a full stop. Jay signed a treaty in the fall of 1794, but Jay's Treaty, as it came to be known, was a disappointment for Hamilton. Very few American goals were met, but Hamilton urged Washington and the Senate to ratify the treaty because he believed that war between Great Britain and the United States would otherwise be inevitable. Hamilton wrote a series of essays under the pseudonym "Camillus" that defended Jay's Treaty line by line. His efforts convinced the public, and the Senate ratified the treaty. Hamilton also helped Washington draft his famous Farewell Address, which Washington delivered in 1796 when he announced that he would not seek a third term as president. In the Farewell Address addressed several important issues, Washington asked the American people not to divide themselves into political parties, and called upon them to maintain and uphold their republican ideals and morality. Furthermore, Washington encouraged the United States not to meddle in European affairs. Many historians believe that Hamilton actually wrote many of the key passages of the speech, even though its tone is distinctly Washington's. Washington retired from public life in 1796, and Vice-President John Adams was elected President, much to Hamilton's dismay. The French government responded violently to Jay's Treaty, which they saw as an Anglo-American alliance against France. Between the years 1796 and 1800, the...
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