Haiti and Dominican Republic

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English 213

ABSTRACT

This investigation examined four existing studies that explored the reasons in why Haiti is more impoverished than its neighbor, the Dominican Republic. Haiti occupies the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. The other two thirds of the island is the Dominican Republic. These two independent countries are broadly similar in terms of geography and historical institutions, yet their growth performance has diverged remarkably. In the first study they talk about how AIDS has affected Haiti and how is it been concentrated in some of the Bateyes* in the Dominican Republic, affecting its population. The second study proposes measures to improve the migration system between the two countries so as to reduce the vulnerability to human rights deprivations of Haitians in the Dominican Republic. The third study addresses the growth of the two countries since 1960, when both countries had the same income per capita, just below $800. The fourth study examines the present state of health and education of the Haitian people, in the wake of the recent natural disasters.

*A Batey (plural is bateyes) is a company town where sugar workers live, in this context it is where illegal Haitian workers live in the Dominican Republic with very poor conditions. Introduction

Poverty in Haiti is massive and deep. Up to one million Haitian immigrants live in the Dominican Republic, most of them illegally. The high unemployment rate is a major cause of increasing levels of crime thought Haiti, especially in urban areas such as the capital, Port-Au-Prince; also this has been the cause of emigration to the Dominican Republic. Haiti is described as highly corrupted according to the Corruption Perception Index score system (2008). The most common type of corruption that exists in Haiti is known as political corruption. Facilitators of this form of corruption continue to assist political leaders who profit from unjustly acquired wealth such as briberies. The next graph shows the contrast between Haiti and the Dominican Republic in terms of political instability from 1984 to 2000. Increase Indicates Better Institutions.

Source: International Country Risk Guide.
Additionally, the fact that many intermediaries who are trained in operating leading economies whom often take advantage of the economic system. The relationship between corruption and poverty affect both individuals and businesses in a country, in this case in two countries, and they run in both directions: poverty invites corruption, while corruption deepens poverty. One of the results from the poverty in Haiti is the fact that most Haitians cannot cover their own dietary or health needs. Furthermore, the present issue of malnutrition is only one of the many causes of extreme poverty and massive emigration to the neighboring nation of the Dominican Republic. The terrain of Haiti is two-thirds mountainous with the rest of the country marked by great valleys, extensive plateaus, and small plains. Haiti’s natural resources include bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, and hydroelectric power. Environmental and other current issues include extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water. This study finds that initial conditions cannot fully explain the growth divergence, but rather policy divisions have played a central role in the growth trends of the two countries, the Dominican Republic and Haiti in terms of employment, unemployment rate, health and quality of life.

Methods
I have chosen to talk about the Dominican Republic and Haiti because I am from the Dominican Republic and the conflicts that the Dominican Republic and Haiti have interest me. What is the explanation for these cultural differences between these two counties sharing the same island? How did...
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