Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition Reaction Kinetics
In this experiment, you will determine the rate law and activation energy for the iodide-catalyzed decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.
The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide is catalyzed by iodide according to the following reaction: 2H2O2 (aq) [pic] 2H2O (l) + O2 (g)
The speed of the reaction is determined from the reactants being consumed or from products that are being formed. This must be determined experimentally by measuring the rate of change in the concentration of one of the reactants or one of the products. The change of concentration can be measured by such physical properties such as the volume of a gas or color intensity of a solution. The rate may be expressed, for example, as moles per liter of product being formed per minute, milliliters of gas being produced per minute, or moles per liter of reactant being consumed per second. During this experiment, you will determine the rate of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of a catalyst, iodide. The goal in this experiment is to deduce a rate law for the reaction, showing the dependence of the rate on the concentrations of H2O2 and I-. Your rate law will be of the form:
k is the reaction rate constant and depends only on temperature. x is the reaction order with respect to the hydrogen peroxide concentration and y is the reaction order with respect to the iodide ion concentration. Your objective is to determine the numerical values for the exponents x and y and rate constant, k. You will also study the effect of temperature on the reaction.
0.25M KI solution
3% H2O2 solution
125mL or 250mL Erlenmeyer flask
50mL gas collection tube
test tube clamp
one-hole rubber stopper
50mL graduate cylinder
5 and 10 mL pipets
1. Fill one beaker about half full with water. Fill the gas collection tube with water and invert into this beaker. Clamp the gas collection tube to the ring stand. You will use this to measure the volume of gas generated in the reaction.
2. Place the Erlenmeyer flask into a water bath. Fill the waterbath two thirds full of water. Record the temperature of the water. Cap the Erlenmeyer flask with a one-hole rubber stopper. Insert a short piece of glass tubing into the one-hole rubber stopper. If necessary, cut a piece of glass tubing and fire polish the ends. Connect one end of the rubber tubing to the glass tubing and insert the other end into the gas collection tube. You are now ready to start the reaction.
3. Remove the rubber stopper from the 50 mL flask. Add 10 mL of the 0.25 M KI solution and 15 mL of distilled water to the flask.
4. Add 5 mL of 3% H2O2 to the Erlenmeyer flask. Swirl to mix the solutions and immediately replace the rubber stopper. Begin taking oxygen volume readings immediately.
5. Record the time and oxygen volume (mL) every ten seconds for 240 seconds or 30mL (whichever comes first). Swirl the flask during the reaction to prevent the solution becoming super saturated with oxygen.
6. Repeat the experiment, using a clean flask, with10mL of the 0.25-M KI solution and 10mL of distilled water, then adding 10 mL of the 3% H2O2.
7. Repeat the experiment again, this time using 20mL of the 0.25-M KI solution and 5mL of distilled water, then adding 5 mL of the 3% H2O2.
8. Replace the water in the water bath containing the Erlenmeyer flask, with water that is 10-20(C warmer than previously used. Repeat the experiment using 10mL of 0.25M KI, 15mL of distilled water and 5mL of the 3% H2O2.
9. For each of the three trials, plot the volume of oxygen in milliliters versus the time in seconds. Fit the data with the best-fit curve or straight line for each trial, ignoring the first sixty seconds of data. (Do not draw a line that connects...