In what ways have key historic factors in Portsmouth influenced the design strategy of Gunwharf Quays Urban Regeneration scheme?
Unit 320 – Research Paper
Page 1: Introduction
Pages 1-3: Description of Gunwharf Quays
Pages 3-5: Early History
Pages 5-9: Naval History Including Historic Site Maps
Pages 9-11: The Berkeley Groups strategies
Pages 12-13: Conclusion
In what ways have key historic factors in Portsmouth influenced the design strategy of Gunwharf Quays Urban Regeneration scheme? Introduction
Gunwharf Quays is a mixed-used sea front Urban Regeneration development in the city of Portsmouth. The project was conducted by ‘Portsmouth city council’ and ‘Berkeley Homes Southern’ and was designed by a total of 7 different architect practices (Broadway Malyan Architects, Scott Brownrigg, Gilmore Hankey Kirke, PLC Architects, The Amos Partnership, John Thompson & Partners and HGP Architects). The scheme has won 37 awards since February 2001 and has been seen as a highly successful Urban Regeneration scheme.
This essay will describe the design of the Gunwharf Quays development itself including the landscaping and the architecture. It will then analyse the history of the site and the City chronologically in order to discover the reasons for the design strategies used in the urban regeneration scheme. As the focus is on the historic influences of the site specifically, the influence of modern architecture ideas is not included.
“The Gunwharf Quays Development has had a major impact on the economy and profile of the city of Portsmouth. The quality and variety of the development has been widely praised, and its popularity has attracted many new visitors here. It has also helped raise investor confidence in the city as a whole” Bernie Topham, Head of Economic Development and Tourism, Portsmouth City Council
Gunwharf Quays is a £200 million mixed- use development located on the West Coast harbour of Portsmouth, just north of the Camber Dock. It is situated adjacent to a major transport interchange in Portsmouth, giving it direct access to buses, train and ferry services. The site and development project is owned and funded mainly by the Berkeley Group, along with the Portsmouth City Council who had big aims for the project leading to the final design.
The main features of the scheme included:
* 17,000 sq.m of retail including speciality shopping
* 17,000 sq.m of leisure; restaurants, taverns and a multiplex cinema * 310 residential units; new build and conservations
* Two new hotels
* 2340 car parking spaces, 1475 of these in a brand new car park below the site for retail and leisure use * 8,300 sq.m of Bars, cafes and restaurants
* 1000 sq.m of office spaces
* Open common areas and town access
* 1,100 sq.m for open air theatre and city quays
* A tourist information centre
This map shows the layout of the site:
The site has essentially been split, with the retail and leisure for the public predominantly on the north side and the residential and office spaces predominantly on the south side. The central plaza contains a public walkway with a water canal as a feature running through the middle. Spinnaker tower (a 170m high public viewing tower), the symbol of the harbour sits on the north site adjacent to the water’s edge. The No. 1 building (a 29 storey residential tower) sits as another landmark next to the main entrance to the site.
No. 1 BuildingSpinnaker Tower
Four of the original naval buildings were retained, rebuilt and reused for other new functions. These buildings are; the Vulcan building, now used for a restaurant and office spaces; The Old Infirmary, now used in the residential area; The Old Customs House, used as a pub in its original naval style and the Ariadne building, now used as a large...