gun violence

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1. INTRODUCTION
Aggression, conflict, stress, frustration, anger these and more emotions are all linked to self-defeating emotions that impact on our cognitive, mental and emotional capacity to function normally. When aggression is not properly and accordingly dealt with it can lead to various detrimental consequences for the individual and surrounding members. Individuals struggling have an inner urge to cause and inflict pain onto others. One way is via the usage of guns. The usage of guns in America is not an eerie or foreign concept to America. In fact gun violence can be depicted as a culture in America. More than 31 000 people per year in America die from gunshot wounds (Hopkins, 2012) However the usage of mass gun violence is not just restricted to America, here in South Africa, our country is ranked 50th with a rate of 12.7 guns per 100 people. The big question is ‘Why and how did mass shooting becomes such a common phenomenon both internationally has and locally? What drives people into committing such heinous acts of violence? This assignment will answer these questions and as well demonstrate the link of aggression to violence and how people’s attitudes are formed in regards to guns and gun violence. 2. AN OVERVIEW OF GUN VIOLENCE

“Aggression can be defined as behaviour directed towards the goal of harming another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment” (Mynhardt, Baron & Byrne, 2009, p.95) Gun violence refers to the inappropriate use of guns in circumstances that it is not needed. It may also refer to the illegal use and ownership of guns especially when it is used to intentionally harm, injure and kill other individuals regardless of the mental condition of the individual that engages in gun violence. America is known and seen as a developed and rich prosperous country. However beneath this is a bloody picture enfolded by bloodshed and death. Many of these deaths stemming from the uncontrollable, escalating usage of guns legally owned and illegally owned. Mass shootings are not something foreign as over the years there has been various reporting’s and cases of mass shooting. Some cases dating right back to the 1900s with The Columbine High School shooting where a two teenagers fantasy of Nazism became brutal as they embarked on a mass shooting frenzy killing hundreds of children and teachers (Vulliamy, 1999) From the Columbine High School mass shooting to the Sandy Hook shoot out in 2012, where 26 people, both students and adults where brutally murdered by Adam Lanza who was just 20 years old. It was believed that before embarking on his killing spree at the high school, Lanza had mercilessly killed his mother. Lanza had taken guns that were kept in his home which had belonged to his mother and he had dressed up in all black complete with a military mask. (http://edition.cnn.com/interactive/2012/12/us/sandy-hook-timeline/index.html) In that same year James Hulner purchased a movie ticket to watch a movie at the Colorado movie theatre. 20 minutes into the movie, Hulner had initiated a mass shoot out attacking and killing 12 people and injuring several others at the cinema. Hulner did not care as to who he had shot, he was merely shooting at anybody who had attempted to escape and run away from the shootout (http://edition.cnn.com/interactive/2012/12/us/aurora.shooting/index.html ) Some cases of gun violence can be boiled down to mental imbalance in an individual or stemming from some way of indicating they are not happy with a certain situation or person related to that situation (Dubrin, 2004) One such case was demonstrated in Tucson in 2011 where Gabrielle Giffords who was a representative of the Arizona Democrat was shot as well as 17 others. Jared lee Loughner who was 22 years old was apprehended for this crime. It was believed to be done over the inability to accept the immigration laws that Miss Giffords and over her vote in favour of the health care low. Miss Giffords had come under a...
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