Guidelines

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 154
  • Published : December 2, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
CHAPTER

7

189

The experimental project
Contents
Aims

Introduction to report writing

193

What goes in a report

193

Report writing: following the experimental
process

197

2.3

Some other formalities in report writing

199

2.4
3

191

2.2

2

Introduction to the experimental project
(and TMA 03)

2.1

1

191

Your TMA 03 report

200

Your experimental project: the introduction and
research hypothesis
3.1
3.2

4

201

The rationale for conducting the experiment:
the introduction

203

Deciding on your research hypothesis

204

205

4.1

Design

205

4.2

Participants

206

4.3

Materials/apparatus

206

4.4

Procedure

207

4.5

Designing and conducting your experiment

208

4.6

Your experiment: the instructions

210

4.7

Choosing your participants

211

4.8
5

Designing and conducting the experiment:
the method

A guide to collecting the data

213

Analysing the data from the experiment: the results

215

190

EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS

6

Drawing conclusions from the data: the discussion

216

7

The remaining sections of your report

217

7.1

Title

217

7.2

Summarising the experiment and writing the
abstract

218

7.3

The references section

218

7.4

The appendices

219

8

Example of a report write-up

219

9

The stimuli for your experiment

230

Consent form to use in your experiment

237

10

T H E E X P E R I M E N TA L P R O J E C T

CHAPTER 7

Aims
This chapter aims to:
.

show you how to conduct a psychological experiment
show you how to write a report of a psychological experiment . provide you with the opportunity to conduct and analyse a
psychological experiment yourself.
.

1

Introduction to the experimental
project (and TMA 03)

So far in this course you have heard a lot about experiments. You have been introduced to the principles and terminology involved in experiments in Chapter 2 of this book and have read about experiments conducted by psychologists in Book 1 Mapping Psychology. You have also had the opportunity to practise your use of SPSS. Now it’s your turn to carry out an experiment yourself!

This chapter will introduce you to some of the practicalities involved in conducting an experiment, give you the opportunity to collect some data and also show you how to write an experimental report. The work you will do forms the basis of TMA 03.

Questions

Evaluation

Theory development

Claims

Evidence/Data

Figure 7.1 The cycle of enquiry

You have already been introduced to the idea of the ‘cycle of enquiry’ that applies to the range of different research studies conducted in psychology (see Figure 7.1). This chapter (and TMA 03) will be concentrating on those

191

192

EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS

parts of the cycle to do with making claims, collecting evidence/data and evaluation. As this is an experimental project, we will be focusing on: .

how we can test the claims arising from the research hypothesis how to evaluate the evidence we collect
. how this evidence and evaluation can be used to inform theory development and to generate new research hypotheses.
.

Activity 7.1

Design terminology

Before we go any further, let’s just quickly revise the information on experimentation that has already been covered. By now you should have a good idea about what is involved in designing and conducting an experiment. To make sure you understand the concepts and terminology, try writing a brief description of the terms listed below. If you get stuck on any of them, you can refer back to the previous chapters in this book or the glossary (but please try to work out the answers for yourself first). Experiment

Null hypothesis
Research hypothesis
One- and two-tailed hypotheses
Experimental design
Within-participants...
tracking img