18 July 2011
The Patriot is a 2000 war film directed by Roland Emmerich, written by Robert Rodat, and stars Mel Gibson, Chris Cooper, and Heath Ledger. The film mainly takes place in South Carolina and depicts the story of an American dad swept up into the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) when his family is threatened. The Patriot offers a fictionalized account of a South Carolina militia group comprised of American misfits. They are led by reluctant a warrior Benjamin Martin played by Mel Gibson. Martin was a seasoned veteran of the earlier French and Indian War (1754 to 1763). The Patriot illustrates the differences between gentlemen style and guerilla warfare of the 1700s. Gentlemen style warfare, when neat columns of men stood face-to-face and blasted away at each other with hand-held cannons and muskets. The introduction of guerilla warfare, sneak attack combat, changed fighting style throughout the American Revolution. The Americans and the British armies resorted to the “quick hit-and-run” attacks that were proven to be successful in their individual war strategies. The term guerrilla (Spanish, "little war") originated in the early 19th century during the Peninsular war (1808-1814) where Native Americans defeated Spanish and French back to occupying forces. They are fought largely by independent, irregular bands, sometimes linked to regular forces. It features the use of ambushes, hit‐and‐run raids, sabotage, and, on occasion, terrorism to wear down the enemy. They also ambushed patrols and supply convoys, and cut
communication lines, in order to disrupt enemy activities and to capture equipment and supplies for their own use. Guerrillas are extremely difficult to capture because of their mobility, the dispersal of their forces into small groups, and their ability to blending among the civilian population. Typically, a small guerrilla force seeks to concentrate...