Over the last decade The United States of America has been fighting an ongoing battle, a battle between guards and detainees, the pentagon and its own lawyers, the war on terror and the US Constitution, and finally a battle over national security and liberty. This is the battle of the Guantanamo Bay Detainment Center. Over the span of three presidential terms our government has been flip-flopping and changing its stance on Guantanamo Bay and the issues surrounding it. Although there are hundreds of issues surrounding Guantanamo Bay the three most recognizable issues are those of interrogation methods, detainees rights and trials, and the overall closing of the facility. The overall main problem within our justice system is the inability of our government to come up with a permanent solution, one way or another, for what will become of the Guantanamo Bay Detainment Center and the issues surrounding it. By discussing the facts of such controversies, and analyzing both parties perspectives on them, I will create not only, what I believe to be is a fair solution in regards to each controversy discussed, but I will also create a distinct, permanent, and final solution for what should become of The Guantanamo Bay Detainment Center and the detainees being held there.
In order for us to fully understand the issues surrounding Guantanamo Bay we must first understand the history of the facility. The 45 square miles of land located on the southeastern part of Cuba that is now know as Guantanamo Bay, was originally leased to The United States of America is 1903 for $4,085 a year. On September 11, 2001 by 10:00 o’clock a.m. two airplanes had purposefully flown into The World Trade Center buildings in New York City, and one into the Pentagon building in Arlington County Virginia. The former President of The United States George W. Bush recalls how he felt that day by stating, “I remember thinking the first plane was likely an accident, the second plane was an attack, and the third plane was the declaration of war.” Just 20 days after the terrorist attacks on our country President George W. Bush stood in front of Congress and declared war against the terrorist group know as Al-Qaeda, and on terrorism itself. In October 2001 the United States military and the military of Great Britain attacked Afghanistan’s Taliban government who were harboring members of Al-Qaeda. The Unite States and allied forces moved across the country rounding up and interrogating suspected terrorist. On January 11, 2002 The United States Department of Defense announced that they would use the land in Cuba to create a “detention facility for suspected terrorist who were captured during a time of war,” and the first set of detainees where imprisoned and questioned there. The issue of interrogation is by far the most disputed issue that surrounds Guantanamo Bay. Again, in order to fully understand this issue we must first understand the history of it. August 2002, the Bush administration narrowed the United States definition of torture to allow for previously illegal interrogation techniques to be used as a matter of interrogation. This definition authorized prolong isolation, stress positions, sensory deprivation, removal of clothing and in some cases waterboarding. The Bush administration also classified the prisoners at Guantanamo Bay as “enemy combatants who did not fall subject to the rights provided to prisoners of war as stated in the Geneva Convention.” As former President Bush stated, “These are people picked up off the battle field in Afghanistan. They weren’t wearing uniforms, they weren’t state sponsored, and they were there to kill. These terrorists that we have obtained from the battlefield will be classified as United States enemy combatants. And so we said that they don’t apply under Geneva Convention, but they’ll be treated in according to the Geneva Convention.” In 2003 attorneys in the pentagon moved to stop what they called...
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