Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon's city center, on an artificially created piece of land between Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The two islands were originally separated by shallow sea. That area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project, effectively connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu, an administrative district of Incheon.
It is connected to the mainland by Incheon International Airport Expressway (Expressway 130), a part of which is Yeongjong Bridge. The expressway also connects Gimpo International Airport to provide connections between domestic flight service with international air traffic, an advantage that makes it much easier to travel from southern Korean regions to Incheon, and then to airports all over the globe. Incheon Bridge serves as the second path to the southern part of Incheon city from october of 2009. The airport is served by frequent bus service from all parts of South Korea as well as by traditional ferry service between Yeongjong pier and Incheon. Airport limousines operate around the clock from Seoul to Incheon, and several backup highway buses escort people from places within and outside Seoul.
The Incheon International Airport Railroad connects Incheon International Airport to Gimpo International Airport and Seoul Subway Line 5 and Line 9 which opened 23 March 2007. A further extension in December 2010 connects the airport to Line 2, Line 4, and Line 6.
The airport was awarded the Best in Service Award in Class at the 1st International Conference on Airport Quality and Service by the IATA and the Airports Council International (ACI), and ranked second in Best Airport Worldwide, behind Hong Kong International Airport. It was also ranked No. in the world by the (ACI).
Seoul Incheon International Airport's terminal has 74 boarding gates altogether, with 44 in the main terminal and 30 in Concourse A.
Location of Incheon International Airport on reclaimed land joining Yeongjong and Yongyu IslandsAfter the Seoul Olympics of 1988, international air traffic to Korea increased. In the 1990s, it became apparent that Gimpo International Airport could not cope with the increase in air traffic. To reduce the load on Gimpo International Airport, construction of the Incheon airport began in November 1992. It was constructed on reclaimed land between Yeongjong Island and Youngyu Island, and took eight years to construct, with an additional six months to test. The airport was officially opened in March 2001.
Initially there were numerous problems, mostly involving baggage handling. which required the system to be operated semi-automatically. Most of the problems were fixed within a month, and the airport began to operate normally.
After the 11 September 2001 attacks in the U.S., and because of regional disease epidemics in Korea and China, the airport’s security and medical inspection equipment were upgraded.
Air traffic increased markedly and by early 2002 it became apparent that the airport would be saturated by 2006. As a result in February 2002, the construction of the second phase was initiated. Originally the construction was supposed to have ended by December 2008. Due to the Beijing Olympics in 2008, however, the construction schedule was modified to allow the construction to end by July 2008.
On 15 November 2006 the Airbus A380 landed at the airport as part of the first leg of its certification trip. Tests on the runways, taxi-ways and ramps showed that the airport could handle the aircraft.
To further upgrade service Incheon and major Korean logistics firm Hanjin Corporation (parent company of the Korean Flag Carrier, Korean Air) agreed on 10 January 2008 to build a nine-story hospital near the airport. Once construction is complete in 2011, the Yeongjong Medical...
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