Growth of Slavery

Topics: Slavery, Thirteen Colonies, British Empire Pages: 3 (942 words) Published: October 10, 2011
From the early 1600s to the mid-1700s slavery became an essential part of the British colonies. Many factors encouraged the growth of slavery to the point that it became in the 1600s. Factors of economics include the fact that black slaves were able to produce more product therefore making more money. Demographics played a role in the growth of slavery because of the rich useable soil in the southern and Chesapeake Colonies. Growth of slavery was encouraged by social factors because it was very easy to enslave a specific race.

Slavery began in America in Virginia in 1619; great numbers of Africans were brought to North America against their will. Slaves were primarily brought to America due to the short life span of indentured servants. The indentured servants died quickly in the field because of diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. Slaves were also brought to the Americas because of rich white men in England that did not wish to do the work themselves but instead hired slaves to farm the crops while the rich man would reap the benefits of the profits. Slavery in the southern colonies occurred because the soil of the Bahamas was worn down by previous crops.

Economic factors encouraged slavery the way it did because of its free labor. Indentured servants cost a lot of money because the master would be required to give them a boat ride to America and give them land after their service was completed if they were still alive. In slavery the slave is in the owners’ possession for the slave’s entire life, which usually was long because Africans were less susceptible to disease then English people. Because African slaves were the most inexpensive form of labor it led to the rise of the necessity of slavery for commercial farming. Because slavery is the closest to free type of labor it was a big drive in the British colonial economic factors of encouragement of the growth of slavery.

Another economic factor was that African slaves can produce more product...
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