Running Head: Growth of Minorities
Growth of Minorities and the Changing of America Workforce
PAD530 Public Personnel Management
May 30, 2009
Dr. Orlando Rivero, D.B.A.
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The following paper will review information on the changing workforce of America during the 20th century. The paper will specifically focus on what the workforce of America looked like in the 20th century and the role it had with minorities. The paper will also focus on eight problems the American workforce had faced during the 20th century. Finally, the paper will also review the impact of affirmative actions on the workplace regarding minorities.
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In this paper you will learn about the problems faced during the 20th century. You will learn that each Company has their own difficulty to face and many are not sure how to tackle these troubles. Some have to try to combat a number of problems however have not been successful. Other companies have entirely ignored the harms and let the company continue running the way it has always ran. The 20th century was know for it’s great shift in the way that vast numbers of people lived as a result of technological, medical, social, ideological, and political innovation. Terms like ideology, world war, genocide, and nuclear war entered common usage. The early 20 century was noted as a period of healing and reconstruction for the United States of America (Berge 1998). Rebuilding a country that was torn apart by a Civil War, this nation was forced to change the view that many Americans had about newly freed black slaves. During this particular time, the black population, as a whole, was going through turmoil due to this struggle. In the first half of the century, the unemployment rate oscillated from a low of 1.4 percent in 1918–1919 to a peak of 24.9 percent in 1933 and then to another low of 1.2 percent in 1944 (Harcourt Brace, 1937). Before and after the Great Depression, unemployment was largely a blue-collar affliction. Nearly two-thirds of the male factory workers in a sample of Middletown families interviewed by the Lynds had at least one spell of unemployment during the first nine months of 1924. None of the white-collar employees in the sample had that experience (Harcourt Brace, 1937) (see chart down below). Growth of minorities 4
The American workforce was much better off at the end of the century than it was at the beginning The 20th century was also a great period for the American workers since wage increase, better benefits and working conditions improved over the course of the century (Fisk 2003). The job that most man was doing was being replaced by machines. Within the productions occupation many inventions and machines were being introduced and the labor for man was being replaced by machines. The services industry was the only industry that saw an increase in percentage.
Ben J. Wattenberg in his book “The First Measure Century An Illustrated Guide to Trends in America, 1900–2000” gives an extensive history of minorities in the 20th century. The book is about social change in the United States during the twentieth century. It relies on statistical trends to tell that awesome story. He lists, states, gives some highlights, main points, breaks, and lists down different periods as follows. In his research he found that only one out of twenty physicians, lawyers and engineer were female. He also found that during the 1940 that four thousand black physicians, one
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thousand black lawyers and three hundred black engineers in the entire country. After the civil right revolution of the 1960s it was a decrease black physicians in 1970 than in 1940, but three times as many lawyers and twelve times as many engineers however they still constituted less than 2 percent of...