Group Working

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Group working or cooperative learning
M.Ramez Behrad
Professor Mrs. Baher
Research
Dec, 01/ 12/ 2012

Thesis statement:
Group working makes the environment of learning better by providing students more confidence and increases interactions among students. Outline:
Introduction:
a. Importance of English language
b. Problems in English classes
c. Suggested solution
Background information
a. Definition of group working
b. feathers of group working

Differences of studying independently and studying in a group

Advantages of group working

Teacher’s roles

Conclusion

Abstract
Since student-centered classes are considered as the most helpful ways to improve students’ abilities in English language; the problems with independent learning and its limitations on students’ learning will lead teachers to motivate students to study in groups. In this paper I’m introducing group working as a key method for motivating and engaging all students with different levels in the same activity or lesson. This method of teaching will create a positive atmosphere in the class and increases students’ confidence while they exchange ideas with their classmates and even learn something from them.

Introduction
English language is considered as an important key quality since it was chosen as the international language. This language is used in every part of our life; commercials, descriptions of a medicine, news and many other things are using this language. So we can say that nowadays ability in communicate and use this language is essential. Many people around the world try to learn English language in order to be part of the outside world and communicate with it. The problem is that some of these learners are not successful in learning this language, although they participate in different courses but they get nothing. As a junior student at Herat University, I see that some of students in our class are not able to use their knowledge of English, although they are in higher positions with good numbers; their ability to use the language in real communication does not seem to conform to the score that they have achieved. One of the major reasons is that many classes at university are composed of 40 to 60 students so the quality and amount of students’ participation in these classes is indeed limited and just those students who are at the top can participate in different activities and discussions; therefore, group work or cooperative method is definitely a good solution in such classes.

Students have their own method to study for examinations. Some students prefer to study independently because they think that they will have much more calmness and they will just focus on those parts that they problem. However, there are several advantages in group study. For example, students who study with their peers earn higher marks than those who study by themselves. The atmosphere that is created by the students is helpful to their study. Moreover, a student can help himself by repeating what he knows and also his peers by doing cooperative activities. Also, group study involves interactions which help to study and prevent dullness. It is far more effective than independent study because of the deep interaction between students. As a result, group study has successful advantages over those who study independently and in this paper I’m going to explain some of these advantages. In this paper, I’m going to explain the difference of studying independently and studying or working in groups and the benefits of group working and its affections on participants and how group working makes the environment of learning better by providing students more confidence and increases interactions among students.

Background Information
In order to understand the meaning of the group working it is better first look at some proverbs that really convey the meaning of group working; they say: “More hands make...
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