Group Interaction

Topics: Group development, Group dynamics, Social psychology Pages: 15 (5000 words) Published: November 19, 2011
Assallammualaikum, salam sejahtera and salam Satu Malaysia.
My dear Chair Person, The chairman and all committee members of Santander Bank and fellow friends. My name is …………………….. and I’m from Softskills Training Consultant will present a speech entitle ‘Problem face in group interaction and way to overcome this problem’.

My dear friends,

What is group interaction?

Groups are a fundamental part of social life. As we will see they can be very small - just two people - or very large. They can be highly rewarding to their members and to society as a whole, but there are also significant problems and dangers with them. All this makes them an essential focus for research, exploration and action.

Just how we define 'group' and the characteristics or ideas we use has been a matter of debate for many years. The significance of collectivities like families, friendship circles, and tribes and clans has been long recognized, but it is really only in the last century or so that groups our studied scientifically and theory developed.

As interest in group processes and group dynamics developed and accelerated (most particularly since the 1980s) the research base of the area strengthened. Not unexpectedly, the main arenas for the exploration of groups, and for building theory about them, have continued to be sociology and social psychology. As well as trying to make sense of human behaviour – why people join groups and what they get from them (both good and bad) – the study of groups has had a direct impact on practice in a number of areas of life. Perhaps the most obvious is work – and the contexts and practices of teams. But it has also acted as a spur to development in those fields of education, therapy, social care and social action that use groups to foster change.

As researchers turned to the systematic exploration of group life, different foci for attention emerged. Some social psychologists, for example, looked at the ways in which, for example, working in the presence of others tend to raise performance However, even more significant than this for group process, is some interdependence in the goals of group members. To get something done it is often necessary to cooperate with others.

This definition has the merit of bringing together three elements: the number of individuals involved; connection, and relationship. When people talk about groups they often are describing collectivities with two members (a dyad) or three members (a triad). For example, a work team or study group will often comprise two or three people. However, groups can be very large collectivities of people such a crowd or religious congregation or gathering. As might be expected, there are differences in some aspects of behaviour between small and larger groupings (see below), yet there remain significant commonalities.

When groups are working well contributions build on each other. This is possible when participants contribute to the discussion in appropriate ways. The following eight categories of contribution can be used as an aid to analyzing patterns of group interaction. A group is two or more persons who are interacting with one another in such a manner that each person influences and is influenced by each other person

When other people watch what we do, this impacts our performance. If we are highly trained at something, or it is a really simple task, our performance will often improve. On difficult or new tasks, our performance will be more likely to suffer. This is called social facilitation, and is caused by arousal, either from people judging us, or from people who are simply distracting us. This effect has been reproduced in many settings, like the workplace and crowded environments. In busy cities, its effect seems to be reduced by cognitive and social factors, such as a sense of control.

Members of face-to-face groups share both task interdependence and social interdependence. Primary...
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